- The ashramas were the four traditional stages of life that BRAHMIN males were expected to follow, according to the authoritative Hindu texts. People of other twice-born castes, such as Brahmins, warriors, or merchants, could optionally take on the ashramas. SHUDRAS and Dalits (Untouchables) were not included in this system.The four traditional ashramas are BRAHMACHA-RYA (studentship), grihastha (householder stage), VANAPRASTHA (entering the forest), and SANNYASI (mendicancy). Usually, one was permitted to leave household life after one had seen one’s grandchil-dren. During the vanaprastha stage of life, which ordained austerities in the forest or wildlands, one could optionally be accompanied by one’s wife, as long as chastity was maintained.Further reading: Irina Glushkova and Anne Feldhaus, House and Home in Maharashtra (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1998); Patrick Olivelle, The Asrama System: The History and Hermeneutics of a Religious Institution (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993); ———, Manu’s Code: A Critical Edition and Transla-tion of the Manava-Dharmasastra (New York: Oxford University Press, 2005); ———, trans., Sannyasa Upa-nishads: Hindu Scriptures on Asceticism and Renunciation (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992).
Encyclopedia of Hinduism. A. Jones and James D. Ryan. 2007.
Look at other dictionaries:
Hinduism — /hin dooh iz euhm/, n. the common religion of India, based upon the religion of the original Aryan settlers as expounded and evolved in the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, etc., having an extremely diversified character with many… … Universalium
Hinduism — An article related to Hinduism … Wikipedia
Muvattupuzha — This article is about the town Muvattupuzha. For the Taluk, see Muvattupuzha Taluk. Muvattupuzha Moovattupuzha town … Wikipedia
priesthood — /preest hood/, n. 1. the condition or office of a priest. 2. priests collectively. [bef. 900; ME presthed(e), presthod(e), OE preosthad. See PRIEST, HOOD] * * * Office of a spiritual leader expert in the ceremonies of worship and the performance… … Universalium
Ramakrishna Mission — The Emblem Motto Atmano mokshartham jagad hitaya cha, For one s own salvation, and for the welfare of the world Formation 1897 … Wikipedia
Bhagavata Purana — Not to be confused with Devi Bhagavata Purana. Krishna lifting Mount Govardhan to shelter his friends from a thunderstorm unleashed by Indra. (Bh. P. X.17) The Bhāgavata Purāṇa (Devanāgarī … Wikipedia
Swami Purushottamananda — Infobox Person name=Swami Purushottamananda caption= dead=dead birth date= birth date|1931|6|14|df=y birth place= Moodahadu, Saligrama, India death date= death date and age|2005|2|25|1931|6|14|df=y death place= BangaloreSwami Purushottamananda… … Wikipedia
Dhenkanal district — This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Dhenkanal, India. Dhenkanal district … Wikipedia
Kadapa — (కడప) city … Wikipedia
The Anugita — is part of the Asvamedhikaparva a book of the Sanskrit epic Mahabharata. It contains Krishna s conversation with Arjuna when Krishna decided to return to Dwaraka after restoring to the Pandavas, their kingdom. The main topics discussed are… … Wikipedia