- Balarama is the elder brother of KRISHNA. He is depicted as having a light color in contrast to Krishna’s dark skin; one legend says that Balarama was created from a light hair of VISHNU, and Krishna from a black hair. Sometimes Balarama is seen as an AVATA R of Vishnu alongside his brother Krishna; sometimes the two are considered to share an avatar as two “parts” of the whole. He is also sometimes seen as an incarnation of ADISHE-SHA, the divine serpent on whom Vishnu rested.Balarama’s mother, DEVAKI, was the wife of VASUDEVA, minister to the evil king Kamsa. When Kamsa learned that a son of Devaki’s would eventually kill him, he had the couple guarded and had six of Devaki’s children killed in succes-sion. Miraculously, however, the seventh child, Balarama, was transferred as an embryo into the womb of Rohini, a second wife of Vasudeva. When Krishna, the eighth child, was born, the guards miraculously fell asleep, and Vasudeva was able to deliver his new child to a woman from a cowherd family, YASHODA.There are few stories about Balarama indepen-dent of those that associate him with Krishna. He is said to have gone to the ocean to meditate when he was very old, when Adishesha emerged from his mouth and returned to the ocean whence he had emerged.Iconographically, BALARAMA is known as “Rama with the Plow” and carries a plow and axe in either hand.Further reading: Cornelia Dimmitt and J. A. B. van Buitenen, Classical Hindu Mythology: A Reader in the Sanskrit Puranas (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1978); E. Washburn Hopkins, Epic Mythology (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1986); N. P. Joshi, Iconogra-phy of Balarama (New Delhi: Abhinav, 1979).
Encyclopedia of Hinduism. A. Jones and James D. Ryan. 2007.
Look at other dictionaries:
Balarāma — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Mural del siglo XVII del dios Balarama, en una pared de un templo hinduista … Wikipedia Español
Balarama — Balarâma Frère aîné de Krishna, Balarâma est considéré comme le neuvième avatar de Vishnou, issu d un de ses cheveux blancs. En effet, lorsque Vishnou decida de s incarner pour anéantir le mal, il s arracha deux cheveux et les fit tomber sur… … Wikipédia en Français
Balarâma — Frère aîné de Krishna, Balarâma est considéré comme le neuvième avatar de Vishnou, issu d un de ses cheveux blancs. En effet, lorsque Vishnou decida de s incarner pour anéantir le mal, il s arracha deux cheveux et les fit tomber sur Terre. Le… … Wikipédia en Français
Balarama — Balarama, in der hinduistischen Mythologie älterer Halbbruder Krishnas, gilt als Avatara Vishnus oder Verkörperung der Weltschlange Shesha. Bildliche Darstellungen gibt es seit dem 2. Jahrhundert v. Chr.; seine ikonographischen Attribute sind… … Universal-Lexikon
Balarama — This article is about the elder brother of the divine being Krishna. For other uses, see Balarama (disambiguation). Balarama Bala Rama Devanagari बलराम Affiliation Avatar of … Wikipedia
Balarama — Mural del siglo XVII del dios Balarama, en una pared de un templo hinduista … Wikipedia Español
Balarama — /bul euh rah meuh/, n. Hindu Myth. the elder brother of Krishna and an incarnation of Vishnu. * * * ▪ Hindu mythology in Hindu mythology, the elder half brother of Krishna, with whom he shared many adventures. Sometimes Balarāma is considered… … Universalium
Balarama — noun The Hindu god who is the brother of Krishna … Wiktionary
Balarāma — biographical name the son of Gaurīdāsa Paṇḍita … The Bhaktivedanta encyclopedia
Balarama — noun elder brother of Krishna; an incarnation of Vishnu • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Rama * * * /bul euh rah meuh/, n. Hindu Myth. the elder brother of Krishna and an incarnation of Vishnu … Useful english dictionary