- The Adipurana is an important SANSKRIT text of the DIGAMBARA Jains (see JAINISM). It records the lives of the 63 great men of Jain history and myth (which are also recorded later in the larger compendium of HEMACHANDRA, The History of the 63 Famous Men). It was begun in Karnataka state by JINASENA around the ninth century C.E. and completed by one of his students, GUNABHADRA, whose addition bears the separate name of Uttarapuranam.The Adipurana was the first major Jain text that openly integrated elements of Hinduism into the Jain philosophical framework. Jinasena pro-vides for Jain BRAHMINS (who are not, however, allowed the haughtiness and privilege of Hindu Brahmins), the caste system (which in the Jain view is a political institution, not a birthright), various Hindu life transition rituals, and elements of Hindu temple ritual, which are given differ-ent philosophical interpretations. For example, Jinasena provided the first Jain fire rituals, which are clearly Vedic, Brahmanical rituals revalorized for the Jain context. Jinasena also establishes a set of “traditional” Jain MANTRAs to mirror the Hindu tradition.See also Jainism.Further reading: P. S. Jaini, The Jaina Path of Purification (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1979); ———, “Jaina Pura-nas: A Puranic Counter Tradition.” In Purana Perennis: Reciprocity and Transformation in Hindu and Jaina Texts. Edited by Wendy Doniger (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1993); George Ralph Strohl, “The Image of the Hero in Jainism: Rsabha, Bharata and Bahubali in the Adipurana of Jinasena” (Diss., Univer-sity of Chicago, 1984); Moriz Winternitz, History of Indian Literature (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1967).
Encyclopedia of Hinduism. A. Jones and James D. Ryan. 2007.
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Adipurana — deals with the ten lives of the first tirthankara, known as Vrishabhanatha. This work is known to be the first work of Kannada poet Adikavi Pampa (941 CE). It is based on the story narrated by Jinasenacharya in his earlier Sanskrit work… … Wikipedia
Karnataka literature — denotes to the wealth of literature created in the region of Karnataka in South India roughly corresponding to the modern state of Karnataka. This literature includes works in Sanskrit and Kannada.Western Ganga Dynasty (350 999)* Pujyapada (… … Wikipedia
Adikavi Pampa — Pampa ( kn. ಪಂಪ, born 902 C.E.), also known as Adikavi Pampa ( kn. ಆದಿಕವಿ ಪಂಪ), is one of the greatest Kannada poets of all time. He was born in Vemulavada, Andhra Pradesh and was the court poet of Chalukya King Arikesari, a Rashtrakuta feudatory … Wikipedia
Kannada literature — is the body of literature of Kannada, a Dravidian language spoken mainly in the Indian state of Karnataka and written in the Kannada script. [Krishnamurti (2003), p. 78; Steever (1998), p. 129, 131.] The literature, which has a continuous… … Wikipedia
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Jainism — /juy niz euhm/, n. a dualistic religion founded in the 6th century B.C. as a revolt against current Hinduism and emphasizing the perfectibility of human nature and liberation of the soul, esp. through asceticism and nonviolence toward all living… … Universalium
South Asian arts — Literary, performing, and visual arts of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. Myths of the popular gods, Vishnu and Shiva, in the Puranas (ancient tales) and the Mahabharata and Ramayana epics, supply material for representational and… … Universalium
Champu — or Champu Kavya (Devanagari: चम्पु काव्य) is a genre in Sanskrit literature. It consists of a mixture of prose (Gadya Kavya) and poetry passages (Padya Kavya), with verses interspersed among prose sections. Adikavi Pampa, the Adikavi, or the… … Wikipedia
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