brahman
   Brahman is one of the most important terms in the Vedic tradition, with a rich variety of meanings. It derives from the root brih, which means to “swell” or “grow,” and evidently first referred to the swell-ing or growing power of the sacrifice and its MAN-TRAS that expand out and create efficacy.The most common early meaning of brahman was simply “prayer.” It is from this term that the word BRAHMIN, “one who prays,” or “priest,” is derived. Certain Vedic text collections are called BRAHMANAS; they are said to contain the secret of prayer.
   Eventually, the term brahman was developed in the Upanishads to mean “the All” or “Ultimate Reality.” An understanding developed that the individual self, or AT M A N, was identical to the brahman. These understandings developed in later VEDANTA into both theistic views, in which the brahman was tantamount to a god or goddess, and nontheistic views, in which the brahman was seen as an uncharacterized reality that constituted or underlay everything.
   Often brahman is spelled as brahma, in part depending on grammatical context. Both forms are commonly used in transliterating Sanskrit. In the latter spelling the word must be carefully dis-tinguished from BRAHMA, the creator god, whose name is pronounced with a long final a.
   Further reading: Jan Gonda, Notes on Brahman (Utre-cht: J. L. Beyers, 1950); Stephen H. Phillips, Aurobindo’s Philosophy of Brahman (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1986.) G. Sundara Ramaiah, Brahman: A Comparative Study of the Philosophies of Sankara and Ramanuja (Waltair: Andhra University 1974).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

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  • Brahman — ( IAST|bráhman , nominative IAST|bráhma sa. ब्रह्म) is a concept of Hinduism. Brahman is the unchanging, infinite, immanent, and transcendent reality which is the Divine Ground of all matter, energy, time, space, being, and everything beyond in… …   Wikipedia

  • Brahman — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Brahman puede hacer referencia a varios conceptos: Hinduismo Brahman: idea hinduista del Dios sin forma. También llamado Brahmá (aunque no se lo debe confundir con el dios hindú Brahmá, de cuatro cabezas). También… …   Wikipedia Español

  • brahman — ● brahman Mot sanskrit qui désigne, dans la pensée hindoue, l absolu dont tout procède, fondement et cause ultime de tout ce qui existe. ⇒BRAHMAN, subst. masc. Dans le Veda, principe de l efficacité magique des actes rituels (Foi t. 1 1968) : • 1 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Brahmán — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Brahmán puede referirse a: Un brahmán (en sánscrito brāhmana), persona perteneciente a la casta sacerdotal del hinduismo, llamado también bráhmana; Un brahmán, uno de los cuatro tipos de sacerdotes védicos, que… …   Wikipedia Español

  • brahman — BRAHMÁN, Ă, brahmani, e, s.m. şi f., adj. 1. s.m. şi f. Membru al castei sacerdotale, consideraţi prima dintre cele patru caste (castă) indiene; preot al lui Brahma. 2. adj. Brahmanic. – Din fr. brahmane. Trimis de valeriu, 13.09.2007. Sursa …   Dicționar Român

  • Brahman — Brah man, Brahmin Brah min, n.; pl. {Brahmans}, {Brahmins}. [Skr. Br[=a]hmana (cf. Brahman worship, holiness; the God Brahma, also Brahman): cf. F. Brahmane, Brachmane, Bramine, L. Brachmanae, manes, mani, pl., Gr. ?, pl.] 1. A person of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Brahman — bezeichnet: Brahman (Philosophie), zentraler Begriff der indischen Philosophie: die Weltseele Brahmane, ein Priester, Gelehrter, höchste indische Kaste Brahma, einer der hinduistischen Hauptgötter, neben Vishnu und Shiva Brahmana, indische Ritual …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • brahman — bràhmān m <G brahmána> DEFINICIJA hind. 1. (Brahman, Brahma) a. prema Vedama impersonalno najviše biće, izvorište i krajnji cilj svih bića koji Atman dosiže nakon što doživi Prosvjetljenje; izvorište vjerovanja o selidbi duša b. prema… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Brahman — UK [ˈbrɑːmən] / US [ˈbrɑmən] or Brahmin UK [ˈbrɑːmɪn] / US [ˈbrɑmɪn] noun [countable] Word forms Brahman : singular Brahman plural Brahmans a Hindu who belongs to the highest caste (= social class), in which men were traditionally priests • See:… …   English dictionary

  • bràhmān — m 〈G brahmána〉 hind. 1. {{001f}}(Brahman, Brahma) a. {{001f}}prema Vedama impersonalno najviše biće, izvorište i krajnji cilj svih bića koji Atman dosiže nakon što doživi Prosvjetljenje; izvorište vjerovanja o selidbi duša b. {{001f}}prema… …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • brahmán — (Del ár. clás. barahman, este del persa barahman, y este del sánscr. bráhman, cuerpo de teólogos). m. Miembro de la primera de las cuatro castas tradicionales de la India …   Diccionario de la lengua española

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