Brahmana
   Brahmanas are texts that delineate the work-ings of the BRAHMAN in its oldest sense of the power, efficacy, or energy of Vedic ritual. They are considered SHRUTI or revelation and are part of the VEDAS. They accompany the MANTRA text of the four Vedas and are memorized along with them; the Brahmana of the Black YAJUR VEDA is interspersed with the mantras; the other three are stand alone texts. All the Brahmanas are written in prose.
   The Brahmanas are designed to guide and explain the ritual sacrifice (YA J N A). Much Vedic mythology is found in the Brahmanas, explain-ing how particular rituals relate to the actions of particular divinities. For example, the SHATA-PATHA BRAHMANA explains that goat hair is to be mixed with other ingredients for a ritual fire (AGNI), because the gods once collected Agni from among cattle. Brahmanas abound in much obscure, esoteric material that is not easy for the outsider to grasp, but that assure the effi-cacy and intelligibility of the Vedic ritual for practitioners.
   Further reading: S. N. Dasgupta, History of Indian Philosophy. Vol. 1 (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1975; Jan Gonda, Vedic Literature (Samhitas and Brahmanas). Vo l . 1 , A History of Indian Literature (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1975).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BRAHMANA — BR HMA ビA Le Veda contient essentiellement trois types de textes: des poèmes et des strophes isolées, qui ensemble constituent ce que l’on nomme chandas (poésie); des formules rituelles (yajus ); enfin, de longs développements en prose, de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Brahmana — Brāhmana Textes classiques du monde indien Shruti Veda Rigveda Samaveda Yajur veda Atharvaveda Brahmanas Aranyakas Upanishad Smrit …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Brahmăna — Brahmăna, 1) im Sanskrit so v.w. Brahmanen; 2) Theil der Vedas, welche den dogmatischen Theil der Indischen Religion enthalten …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Brahmana — Brāhmana, dogmatisch spekulative Traktate der ind. Literatur, die eine Art Kommentar zu den Veda (s.d.) im engern Sinne bilden …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • brahmana — brahmána ž zb. DEFINICIJA hind. brahmanistički svećenički priručnici, hinduske svete knjige koje tumače tekstove Veda (stvarane od o. 1000. pr. Kr. do 4. st.), sadržavaju i svjetovne teme ETIMOLOGIJA vidi brahman …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Brahmana — The IAST|Brāhmaṇa s (Devanagari: sa. ब्राह्मणं) are part of the Hindu śruti literature. They are commentaries on the four Vedas, detailing the proper performance of rituals. Each Vedic shakha (school) had its own Brahmana, and it is not known how …   Wikipedia

  • Brahmana — Schriften des Hinduismus Shruti Veda Rigveda Samaveda Yajurveda Atharvaveda Brahmanas Aranyakas Upanishaden …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Brahmana — /brah meuh neuh/, n. Hinduism. one of a class of prose pieces dealing with Vedic rituals and sacrifices. Cf. Veda. [ < Skt brahmana] * * * Any of a number of discourses on the Vedas that explain their use in ritual sacrifices and the symbolism of …   Universalium

  • Brahmana — Cualquiera de varios comentarios acerca de los Veda que explican el significado de los sacrificios rituales y el simbolismo de los actos de los sacerdotes. Se remontan a 900–600 BC, y constituyen las fuentes históricas más antiguas del ritual… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • brahmana — noun a) The brahmin varna in Hinduism. (Plural: brahmana.) b) A brahmin; a member of the brahmana (sense 1). Syn: brahman, brahmin …   Wiktionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”