Chandogya Upanishad
   The classical Chandogya Upanishad is part of the Chandogya Brahmana, which is attached to the SAMA VEDA. It is one of the oldest UPA-NISHADS. It retains much of the character of the BRAHMANA from which it comes, in that it is largely devoted to delineating the deeper mean-ing and significance of the elements of the Vedic sacrifice or YA J N A (see VEDAS).
   Much of the Chandogya Upanishad is devoted to the true meaning of the Udigitha, the loud chant of the Sama Vedic priest at the sacrificial ritual. The Udgitha is said to be tantamount to OM (Ch. 1.1.1–10) and is identified with the breath (Ch. 1.2.1–14). The esoteric meaning of each of the syllables in the word Udgitha is explicated (Ch. 1.3.1–12). The Udgitha is also identified with the Sun, with space as the ultimate, and with divinities.
   The Chandoga Upanishad goes on to coordi-nate the sounds of the fuller Sama Vedic chant with cosmic and human entities. Through this process, the elements of the Sama Vedic chant are shown to encompass a wide range of human, worldly, and cosmic entities; it is much more important than a simple musical recitation.
   Chapter three raises the familiar Upanishadic theme of the identity of AT M A N (the individual self) and the BRAHMAN (the Ultimate Reality). The fifth chapter gives the famous teaching of Uddal-aka Aruni to his son, Shvetaketu; in defining the Ultimate Reality of the brahman he tells his son, “You are THAT” (TAT TVAM ASI). This is one of the most well known MAHAVAKYAS or “Great Sayings” quoted in the VEDANTA.
   Chapters seven and eight relate the nature of the atman or individual self and show that it resides within the human heart. They tell the famous tale in which INDRA, king of the gods, at last learns the nature of the brahman/atman identity.
   Further reading: S. N. Dasgupta, A History of Indian Philosophy, Vol. 1 (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1975); Swami Nikhilandanda, trans., The Upanishads. Vol. 1 (New York: Ramakrishna-Vivekananda Center, 1975); S. Radhakrishnan, The Principal Upanishads (Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press, 1974).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chandogya Upanishad — Chāndogya Upaniṣad ou Chāndogyopaniṣad[1] (environ 500) est l une des plus anciennes Upaniṣad majeures faisant partie du groupe des douze Upaniṣad principales (Mukhya Upaniṣad) et est associée au Sāmaveda. Le texte comprend huit chapitres… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chandogya Upanishad — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Chandogya Upanishad (Upanishad de la canción y el sacrificio) es uno de los Upanishads principales (mukhya). Junto con el Brihadāraṇyaka Upanishad, es uno de los más antiguos: data del período védico de los textos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Chandogya Upanishad — The Chandogya Upanishad is one of the primary ( mukhya ) Upanishads. Together with the Jaiminiya Upanishad Brahmana and the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad it ranks among the oldest Upanishads, dating to the Vedic Brahmana period (probably before mid… …   Wikipedia

  • Chāndogya Upaniṣad — Chandogya Devanagari छान्दोग्य उपनिषद् Sanskrit Transliteration Chāndogya Date of composition Mid first millennium BCE Place of composition (ancient name) Western Kuru …   Wikipedia

  • Chandogya — Upanishad Upanishad principale Aitareya · Brihadaranyaka · Isha · Taittiriya · Chandogya · Kena · Mundaka · Mandukya · Katha · Kaushitaki · Prashna · Shvetashvatara Chandogya Upanishad (environ 500) est l une des plus anciennes Upanishads… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Upanishad — Les Upanishad ou Upaniṣad[1] (devanāgarī: उपनिषद्, du sanskrit upa, déplacement physique, ni, mouvement vers le bas et shad, s asseoir, soit littéralement « venir s asseoir respectueusement au pied du maître pour écouter son… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Upanishad — The Upanishads (Devanagari: उपनिषद्, IAST: IAST|upaniṣad, also spelled Upanisad ) are Hindu scriptures that constitute the core teachings of Vedanta. [cite book | last = Brodd | first = Jefferey | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = World… …   Wikipedia

  • Upanishad — Schriften des Hinduismus Shruti Veda Rigveda Samaveda Yajurveda Atharvaveda Brahmanas Aranyakas Upanishaden …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Taittiriya-Upanishad — Schriften des Hinduismus Shruti Veda Rigveda Samaveda Yajurveda Atharvaveda Brahmanas Aranyakas Upanishaden …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chandoguia-upanishad — El Chandoguia upanishad (texto sagrado de la canción y el sacrificio) es uno de los Upanishads principales (mukhia). chāndogyopaniṣad, en el alfabeto AITS de transliteración del sánscrito. छान्दोग्योपनिषद्, en escritura devanagari del idioma… …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”