Devayani and Yayati
- Devayani and Yayati
- Devayani and Yayati are the romantic protagonists in an old and popular myth, which also con-siders them to be ancestors of KRISHNA. Devayani, daughter of the famous rishi Ushanas Kavya, was swimming in a pond with Sharmishtha, the daughter of the king of the asuras (antigods or demons) and a student of Ushanas Kavya. In those days such interchange took place between gods and asuras. When Lord Shiva happened by they rushed to get their clothes. Sharmishtha took Devayani’s clothes by mistake. Devayani upbraided Sharmishtha severely, and the latter in anger threw her friend into a well and took her clothes.King Yayati, who was hunting, happened by and rescued Devayani. When he touched her hand, she announced that she would never touch another man’s hand. Kavya gave his daughter to the king; following Devayani’s wish he also handed over Sharmishtha as her slave, admonish-ing the king never to have carnal relations with the daughter of the asuras.Devayani soon bore the king glorious sons, one of them Yadu, an ancestor of Krishna him-self. Sharmishtha became jealous and managed to seduce the king to break his promise to Kavya.When Devayani heard this she went home to her father. The king followed, chastised, and sought her return. When he reached her home, her father, Kavya, cursed the king with immediate old age as an antidote to his uncontrolled lust. The king begged a way out of the curse and was allowed to transfer the curse to someone else. He convinced his youngest son to take the curse of old age, and the son became a ruler while for a thousand years Yayati enjoyed the pleasures of love with Devayani. Finally, tiring of the life of the senses, the king took back his old age from the son and renounced the world.Further reading: C. R. Devadhar, ed. and trans., Yayati-carita: A Drama in Seven Acts (Poona: Bhandarkar Ori-ental Research Institute, 1965); Cornelia Dimmitt and J. A. B. van Buitenen, Classical Hindu Mythology: A Reader in the Sanskrit Puranas (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1978); E. Washburn Hopkins, Epic Mythology (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1986).
Encyclopedia of Hinduism. A. Jones and James D. Ryan. 2007.
Look at other dictionaries:
Devayani — For the Tamil actress, see Devayani (actress). In Hindu mythology, Devayani (Sanskrit: देवयानी, Devayānī) was the daughter of Shukracharya and his wife Jayanti, daughter of Indra. In her early life, she was rejected by Kacha, the son of… … Wikipedia
Yayati — See Devayani and Yayati … Encyclopedia of Hinduism
Glossary of terms in Hinduism — The following is a glossary of terms and concepts in Hinduism. The list consists of concepts that are derived from both Hinduism and Hindu tradition, which are expressed as words in Sanskrit as well as other languages of India. The main purpose… … Wikipedia
Glossary of Hinduism terms — An article related to Hinduism … Wikipedia
Sharmishtha — In Hindu mythology, Sharmishtha, also known as Sharmista, was the daughter of Demon king Vrishparva, who was also friend of Devayani. She was given as dowry to Yayati of Yadav dynasty, when he married Devayani.Once when Devayani and Sharmistha… … Wikipedia
Ailas — were a dynasty of kings of ancient India. Pururavas was the most famous Aila King. The Indian epic Mahabharata has the following mention about Ailas at section 2: 14: The numerous royal lines and other ordinary Kshatriyas all represent themselves … Wikipedia
Gandharva Kingdom — refers to the territory inhabited by a tribe called Gandharvas who were one among the Exotic Tribes of Ancient India. They were well versed in music and dance. Gandarvas were also powerful warriors who roamed in Indian kingdoms disregarding any… … Wikipedia
Sambhar Salt Lake — Infobox lake lake name = Sambhar Salt Lake image lake = lake sambhar.jpg caption lake = image bathymetry = caption bathymetry = location = Rajasthan, India coords = coord|26|58|N|75|05|E|region:IN RJ type:waterbody source:GNS… … Wikipedia
Kuru Kingdom — The Kuru kingdom was ruled by the Kuru clan of kings. The Pandavas and Kauravas were Kurus. Other than these Kurus of India, there was another kingdom called Uttara Kurus to the north of Himalayas. The Kuru kingdom of India lay between Saraswati… … Wikipedia
Varna (Hinduism) — Varna ( sa. वर्ण IAST|varṇa ) is a Sanskrit term derived from the root IAST2| vṛ meaning to enclose . [ M. Mayrhofer, Etymological Dictionary II 518] In historical Indic traditions the varna and caste systems are not the same system, although… … Wikipedia