agama
   In the tantric tradition (see TANTRISM) agama most commonly means “authoritative scripture.” Dif-ferent systems of tantric tradition may designate different texts as agamas. In South India, for instance, there is a tradition called Agamanta SHAIVISM that relies upon 28 agamas. In this tradi-tion, the VEDAS are referred to as NIGAMA.
   Agamas tend to be fairly late texts (compared to the Vedas); the earliest agama could hardly have been written before the sixth century C.E. Though many of the agamas of the diverse tantric tradi-tions are philosophical, others focus on Shaivite temple ritual, including the layout of temples, the installation of icons, and the ritual forms to be used. In this sense, they are foundational texts for temple Hinduism.
   In a more limited sense, an agama is a tantric text that takes the form of a teaching by SHIVA to PARVATI or another goddess. (In this context, a Nigama is a text taught by the goddess to Shiva.) Finally, agama is a linguistic term used in PANINI, The great Sanskrit grammarian, for an augment added to a base to form a complete word.
   Further reading: J. A. B. van Buitenen, trans., Yamana’s Agamapramanyam or Treatise on the Validity of Pancara-tra (Madras: Ramanuja Research Society, 1971); Bruno Dagens, Architecture in the Ajitagama and the Raurav-agama: A Study of Two South Indian Texts (New Delhi: Sitaram Institute of Scientific Research, 1984); Mark Dyczkowski, The Canon of the Saivagama and the Kub-jika Tantras of the Western Kaula Tradition (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1988); Kamalakar Mishra, Kashmir Saivism: The Central Philosophy of Tantrism (Portland, Ore.: Rudra Press, 1993); S. K. Ramachan-dra Rao, Agama-Kosa: Agama Encyclopedia (Bangalore: Kapatharu Research Academy, 1994).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

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  • Agama — is a term for scriptures in Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism: * Āgama (Buddhism) * Āgama (Jainism) * Āgama (Hinduism)The corresponding adjective is Agamic.Agama can also refer to:* Survivor (U.S. TV series) * Agama, common name for lizards in the… …   Wikipedia

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  • Agama — род ящериц подсемейства Agaminae Sphaeropthalma, syn Agama род ос немок из подсемейства Sphaeropthalminae …   Википедия

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  • agama — [ə gā′mə] n. [ModL < Sp; ? of WInd orig.: cf. Carib mami, lizard] any of a family (Agamidae, esp. genus Agama) of Old World lizards, some of which can change color …   English World dictionary

  • Agama — Ag a*ma ([a^]g [.a]*m[.a]), n.; pl. {Agamas} ([a^]g [.a]*m[.a]z). [From the Caribbean name of a species of lizard.] (Zo[ o]l.) A genus of lizards, one of the few which feed upon vegetable substances; also, one of these lizards. [1913 Webster] || …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • AGAMA — Le terme sanskrit gama signifie «tradition» et est utilisé pour désigner, dans diverses écoles religieuses indiennes, une catégorie précise de textes faisant autorité pour l’école en question. Au sens étroit, ce sont des traités techniques de la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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