Europe
   Excluding Great Britain and the Netherlands, Europe has had little immigration from India and today has a small Hindu population. Great Britain and the Netherlands had colonies into which South Asian laborers migrated. Many Hindus from Guyana (see CARIBBEAN REGION) and Kenya (see AFRICA) left the struggling economies and racial persecution of those countries to enter Great Britain. Over 65,000 South Asians were exiled from Uganda under the directive of Idi Amin in the 1970s and nearly all fled to Britain.
   In Britain today, Hinduism flourishes in a variety of practices, and many temples exist (see UNITED KINGDOM). Because these Hindus remain close to their native land through Commonwealth ties, they have imported influential political and religious movements from India. Most neo-Hindu movements as well as the Vishwa Hindu Parishad are active in Great Britain.
   The Netherlands also has a sizable South Asian community, populated largely by Hindus who fled economic and political hardship in Suri-name. As in Great Britain, they remain in contact with Hindu movements in India and reflect the traditional practices as well as the conflicts repre-sented in contemporary Indian Hinduism.
   Eastern Europe remains the main residence for the Gypsies or Romany, who were originally Hin-dus from the Punjab and Afghanistan. The lan-guage and customs of the Gypsy ethnicity retain vestiges of a Hindu past, even though the Gypsy population is not considered a Hindu movement.
   In the last century, native Europeans have supported an entire array of contemporary Hindu movements, particularly the INTERNATIONAL SOCI-ETY FOR KRISHNA CONSCIOUSNESS, the SAT YA SAI BABA movement, various forms of hatha yoga, and individual teachers of Hindu practices.
   See also Diaspora; Scandinavia.
   Further reading: Martin Baumann, Migration, Religion, Integration: Buddhist, Vietnamese, and Hindu Tamils in Germany (Marburg: Diagonal-Verlag, 2000); Knut A. Jacobsen and P. Pratap Kumar, eds., South Asians in the Diaspora: Histories and Religious Traditions (Leiden: Brill, 2004).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Europe — • The conception of Europe as a distinct division of the earth, separate from Asia and Africa, had its origin in ancient times Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Europe     Europe    …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Europe — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Europe europe en vivo Información personal Origen Upplan …   Wikipedia Español

  • Europe — dans la myth. gr., fille d Agénor, roi de Phénicie; Zeus, qui avait pris la forme d un taureau, l enleva et l emmena en Crète, où elle enfanta Minos, Sarpédon et Rhadamanthe. Europe continent peu individualisé, séparé de l Afrique par le détroit… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Europe — ist die englische und französische Schreibung für Europa. Europe steht außerdem für: Europe (Band), schwedische Hardrockgruppe Europe (Bootsklasse), Einhand Segeljolle Europe 1, französischsprachiger Radiosender Europe (Métro Paris), Station des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Europe — from L. Europa Europe, from Gk. Europe, of uncertain origin; as a geographic name, first the Homeric hymn to Apollo (522 B.C.E. or earlier): Telphusa, here I am minded to make a glorious temple, an oracle for men, and hither they will always… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Europe — (Бриг,Швейцария) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: Viktoriastrasse 9, 3900 Бриг, Швейцария …   Каталог отелей

  • Europe — UK US /ˈjʊərəp/ noun [U] ► one of the world s continents: »Discount airlines in Europe are buying lots of new planes. ► POLITICS the European Union: »The party s position on Europe remains in question …   Financial and business terms

  • Europe — [yoor′əp] [L Europa < Gr Eurōpē] 1. continent between Asia & the Atlantic Ocean: the Ural Mountains & the Ural River are generally considered the E boundary: c. 3,800,000 sq mi (9,842,000 sq km); pop. c. 710,000,000 2. EUROPEAN COMMUNITY …   English World dictionary

  • Europe —   [ jʊərəp ; englisch], Segeln: olympische Einhandjolle (seit 1992) für Frauen; Länge 3,35 m, Breite 1,38 m, Tiefgang (mit Schwert) 1 m, Segelfläche 7 m2; Segelzeichen: E …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Europe — For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). Europe …   Wikipedia

  • Europe — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Europe (homonymie).  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Union européenne. Europe …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”