Abhedananda, Swami
(1866–1939)
   pioneer Hindu leader in the United States
   The Indian monk Swami Abhedananda founded the New York City Vedanta Society at the end of the 19th century, pioneering the spread of Hindu thought in America.
   Abhedananda was born Kaliprasad Chandra in Calcutta (Kolkata). As a teenager, he was interested in yoga, philosophy, and the religious life and, though quite intelligent, did not attend college. Rather, at the age of 18 he had his first meeting with Sri RAMAKRISHNA, who immediately recruited the youthful Kaliprasad to his inner circle. Kaliprasad moved into the Ramakrishna residence at Dakshineswar, where he lived until Ramakrishna died two years later.
   Shortly after Ramakrishna’s passing, Kaliprasad joined the other men who had gathered around the master in taking the vows of the renounced life (see SANNYASI), at which time he took the name Abhedananda. He spent the next several years in concentrated study of the Hindu holy books and in meditation. For a brief period he left his brother monks to wander around India.
   In 1893, one of his fellow monks, Swami VIVEKANANDA, traveled to America to address the WORLD PARLIAMENT OF RELIGIONS. Abhedananda organized the celebration in Calcutta of the swami’s American success, and three years later Vivekananda called him to assist his work in the West. Abhedananda remained in London for a year speaking and build-ing a following for the Vedanta Society.
   In 1897, Abhedananda began a 25-year stay in New York City. He succeeded in organizing a Vedanta Society (Vivekananda had failed to do so), and built it into a relatively strong organi-zation. He moved in the intellectual circles of his day and was invited to speak at a number of colleges and universities. He also made some 17 lecture tours in Europe. All his teachings and lec-turing consistently reflected the ADVAITA VEDANTA perspective of Ramakrishna; together with his learned colleagues he argued for the unity of Truth and the confluence of science and religion.
   In 1921, Abhedananda returned to India, where he was received as a celebrity. He went on to establish two Ramakrishna centers, in Darjeel-ing (1923) and Calcutta (1929). Among his last duties was presiding at the 1937 Parliament of Religions in Calcutta, organized to celebrate the Ramakrishna Centennial. Abhedananda died two years later in 1939.
   Further reading: Swami Abhedananda, Doctrine of Karma: A Study in the Philosophy and Practice of Work (Calcutta: Ramakrishna Vedanta Math, 1965); ———, The Religion of the Twentieth Century (Calcutta: Ramak-rishna Vedanta Math, 1984); ———, Spiritual Teachings of Swami Abhedananda. Translated by P. Sheshadri Aiyer (Calcutta: Ramakrishna Vedanta Math 1962); ———, Swami Vivekananda and His Work (Calcutta: Ramak-rishna Vedanta Math, 1968); Ashutosh Ghosh, Swami Abhedananda, the Patriot Saint (Calcutta: Ramakrishna Vedanta Math, 1967).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Swami Abhedananda — Swami Abhedananda. Swami Abhedananda, de nacimiento Kaliprasad Chanda (2 de octubre, 1866, Calcuta 1939) fue un gran promotor bengalí del hinduismo. Religioso desde la niñez, estudió las escrituras hindúes para mejorar su conocimiento de la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Swami Nikhilananda — This article is about the founder of Ramakrishna Vivekananda Center New York. For the Canadian born religious leader, see Swami Nikhilanand. Swami Nikhilananda Born 1895 Bangladesh Died 1973 New York Birth name Dinesh Chandra Das Gupta Guru …   Wikipedia

  • Swami Satyananda Giri — Infobox Person name= Swami Satyananda Giri dead=dead birth date= 17 November 1896 death date= 2 August 1971Swami Satyananda Giri (1896 ndash;1971) was Sri Yukteswar Giri’s chief monastic disciple in India.Early yearsAcharya Swami Satyananda Giri… …   Wikipedia

  • Paramananda, Swami — (1884–1940)    pioneer teacher of Vedanta in the United States    Swami Paramananda was a leading teacher of Vedanta in the United States. He founded the ANANDA ASHRAMA AND VEDANTA CENTRE, which carried on his teachings, including his respect for …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • Disciples of Ramakrishna — Ramakrishna Paramahamsa had sixteen disciples (other than Swami Vivekananda) who became monks of the Ramakrishna Order; they are often considered his apostles. In the Ramakrishna Vivekananda movement, the apostles have played an important role.… …   Wikipedia

  • Kaliprasad Chandra — Swami Abhedananda was born on 2 October 1866 as Kaliprasad Chandra . He was a direct disciple of Sri Ramakrishna and was known as Kali Tapaswi to his fellow discipiles. His father was Rasiklal Chandra and his mother was Nayantara Devi. After the… …   Wikipedia

  • Lost years of Jesus — The lost years of Jesus concerns the undocumented timespan between Jesus s childhood and the beginning of his ministry as recorded in the New Testament. The gospels have accounts of events surrounding Jesus birth, and the subsequent flight into… …   Wikipedia

  • Ramakrishna — Infobox Hindu leader name= Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa caption = Ramakrishna at Dakshineshwar birth date= birth date|1836|2|18|mf=y birth place= Kamarpukur, West Bengal, India birth name= Gadadhar Chattopadhyay death date= death date and… …   Wikipedia

  • Buddhism and Christianity — The French artist Paul Ranson s Christ et Buddha (1880) juxtaposes the two figures There is speculation concerning a possible connection between both the Buddha BC 623 BC 543 and the Christ, and between Buddhism and Christianity. Buddhism… …   Wikipedia

  • Maulavi Barkatullah — Maulana Barkatullah Maulavi Abdul Hafiz Mohamed Barakatullah or Maulana Barkatullah (c. 7 July 1854 – 20 September 1927) was a staunch anti British Indian revolutionary with sympathy for the Pan Islamic movement. Barkatullah was born on 7 July… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”