ahamkara
   Ahamkara means “ego” (literally, I-doing, or con-ceiving of everything in terms of I.) In nearly every tradition of Hinduism ahamkara is consid-ered the great spiritual enemy. In YOGA one tran-scends the ego through the calming of the mind and eventually learns to ignore the pernicious pull of ahamkara. In non-dual Vedantic practice, ego is seen as false self, which must be rejected in favor of the transcendent Self that is Ultimate Reality.
   In the practice of BHAKTI, or devotional YOGA, through chants and MANTRAS one connects to the inner godhead and uproots the ego with service to the Divine. Only in the tantric (see TANTRISM) tra-ditions is Ahamkara seen as a positive word, but there, also, it is understood that one’s ego must be transformed into divine “I-ness,” where the mun-dane ego is totally supplanted in identification with God. In Jain and SIKH traditions ahamkara is seen also as a supreme negative; ego must be controlled and finally eliminated.
   Further reading: Usharbudh Arya, Philosophy of Hatha Yoga (Glenview, Ill.: Himalayan Institute of Yoga Sci-ence and Philosophy of the U.S.A., 1977); Gasper M. Koelman, Patanjala Yoga: From Related Ego to Abso-lute Self (Poona: Papal Athenaeum, 1970); Swami Muktananda, So’ham Japa: A Meditation Technique for Everyone (Ganeshpuri: Shree Gurudev Ashram, 1972); Frank R. Podgorski, Ego-Revealer, Concealer: A Key to Yoga (Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1984).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ahamkara — (Sanskrit: अहंकार, ahaṃkāra, seltener auch ahaṅkāra) ist ein Sanskrit Ausdruck, der sich in der hinduistischen Philosophie auf das Ich Bewusstsein oder die Ich Funktion bezieht. Der Begriff besteht aus den Bestandteilen ahaṃ ( ich ) und kāra (… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ahamkara — Ahaṃkāra (अहंकार) is a Sanskrit term that is related to the ego and egoism that is, the identification or attachment of one s ego. The term ahamkara comes from an approximately 3,000 year old Vedic philosophy, where aham refers to the concept of… …   Wikipedia

  • Ahamkara — Ahaṃkāra (devanāgarī: अहंकार)[1] est un terme sanskrit qui fait référence à l ego lié à l individualité humaine et issu du sens du « je » (asmitā). C est aussi dans l Advaita Vedānta l identification au soi individuel ou personnel… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ahaṁkāra — lit. ahaṁ = I; kāra = am the doer i.e. the false ego …   The Bhaktivedanta encyclopedia

  • The 36 tattvas — In Kaśmir Śaivism, the 36 tattvas describe the Absolute, its internal aspects and the creation including living beings, down to the physical reality. The addition of 11 supplemental tattvas compared to the IAST|Sāṃkhya allows for a richer, fuller …   Wikipedia

  • Samkhya — Sankhya, also Samkhya, ( sa. , IAST: IAST|sānkhya enumeration ) is one of the six schools of classical Indian philosophy. Sage Kapila is traditionally considered to be the founder of the Sankhya school, although no historical verification is… …   Wikipedia

  • Ahankara — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sūkshma sharīra — ou encore sūkṣmaśarīra[1] (devanāgarī : सूक्ष्मशरीर) est un terme sanskrit et un concept[N 1] de la philosophie indienne défini dans la Taittirīya Upaniṣad[N 2] il y a plus de 2500 ans. Sūkṣmaśarīra correspond au niveau subtil, physiologique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Buddhi — (devanāgarī : बुद्धि)[1] est un terme sanskrit qui signifie dans la philosophie indienne la capacité d intelligence liée à la réflexion et la discrimination. C est le premier constituant de l organe interne appelé antaḥkaraṇa[2] dans le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Réincarnation — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Réincarnation (homonymie). Représentation de la réincarnation dans l hindouisme La réincarnation peut être assimilée à une doctrine ou cr …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”