Jagannath Temple, Puri
   The Jagannath temple at Puri, in Orissa on the Bay of Bengal, is one of the most famous in India. Lord Jaggannath (Lord of the Universe) is a form of KRISHNA. Each year in the bright half of the lunar month of Ashadha (June–July) he is honored in a huge festival. The image of Jagannath is placed in a massive temple cart, 45 feet in height with 16 wheels, each seven feet high. Behind him in con-veyances nearly as high are his brother, BALARAMA, and his sister, Subhadra, images constructed by youth of the area. (The English word juggernaut derives from the name Jagannath, as associated with these massive conveyances.)
   Further reading: Anncharlott Eschmann, Hermann Kulke, and Gaya Charan Tirupathi, The Cult of Jagan-nath and the Regional Tradition of Orissa (New Delhi: Manohar, 1978); Chris Fuller, The Camphor Flame: Popular Hinduism and Society in India (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1993).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

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