karma
   In ancient VEDIC tradition karma (action) simply referred to the Vedic rites. Indian philosophy often contrasts the karma kanda (action aspect) of tradi-tion with its jnana kanda (knowledge aspect). Later, the term karma came to refer to the “law of action.” According to this ethical concept, the actions or karmas of individuals in their current births shape their lives in their next births. Finally, in the con-text of the BHAGAVAD GITA, karma yoga refers to a YOGA of action in the world without regard to its fruits. Mohandas Karamchand GANDHI made the term karma yoga well known, as his political actions were all undertaken under this name. The Indian traditions of Hinduism, JAINISM, Buddhism, and SIKHISM all accept the notion of karma.
   Further reading: C. F. Keyes and E. Valentine Daniel, Karma: An Anthropological Inquiry (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983); Wendy Doniger O’Flaherty, ed., Karma and Rebirth in Classical Indian Traditions (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

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  • karma — karma …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Karma — (Sanskrit: n., कर्मन्, karman, Pali: kamma, Wirken, Tat) bezeichnet ein spirituelles Konzept, nach dem jede Handlung – physisch wie geistig – unweigerlich eine Folge hat. Diese muss nicht unbedingt im aktuellen Leben wirksam werden, sondern kann… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • karma — [ karma ] n. m. • 1899; en angl. 1828; mot sanskr. « acte » ♦ Dogme central de la religion hindouiste selon lequel la destinée d un être vivant et conscient est déterminée par la totalité de ses actions passées, de ses vies antérieures. Pouvoir,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • karma — KÁRMA s.f. (În sistemul filozofic brahmanic) Noţiune care desemnează o lege universală în virtutea căreia soarta oamenilor ar fi determinată de acţiunile lor din încarnările anterioare; fatalitate, destin. – Din engl., fr. karma. Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

  • karma — I {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. ż Ia, CMc. karmamie, blm {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} odpowiednio przygotowane pożywienie dla zwierząt, głównie gospodarskich; pasza : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Karma dla świń, gęsi, indyków. Sucha karma dla psów. {{/stl 10}}{{stl 20}} …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • karma — 1827, in Buddhism, the sum of a person s actions in one life, which determine his form in the next; from Skt. karma action, work, deed; fate, related to krnoti, Avestan kerenaoiti makes, O.Pers. kunautiy he makes; from PIE root *kwer to make,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • karma — kȁrma m <G mn kȃrmā/ ī> DEFINICIJA hind. temeljno učenje u indijskim religijama (hinduizam, budizam itd.) da je život neprekinuti krug ponovnih rađanja i smrti određen djelovanjem u ranijem životu, ukupnost čovjekovih dobrih i loših djela,… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • karma — sustantivo masculino 1. Área: religión En algunas religiones y filosofías hindúes, creencia según la cual los actos realizados en una vida anterior influyen también en las sucesivas: El karma es uno de los principios fundamentales del pensamiento …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • karma — (Del sánscr. karma, hecho, acción). 1. m. En algunas religiones de la India, energía derivada de los actos que condiciona cada una de las sucesivas reencarnaciones, hasta que se alcanza la perfección. 2. En otras creencias, fuerza espiritual …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Karma — Kar ma, n. [Skr.] 1. (Buddhism, Hinduism) One s acts considered as fixing one s lot in the future existence. [1913 Webster] 2. (Theos.) The doctrine of fate as the inflexible result of cause and effect, especially the principle by which a person… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Karma — Karma[n],das:⇨Schicksal(1) …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

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