- Laws of Manu
- (c. 200)The Laws of Manu is a seminal text in Indian social history. It gives greatest attention to the social obligations of BRAHMINS, whose supremacy in the social order is assumed, but it also outlines the obligations of rulers and other castes. It was the first of many systematizations of Hindu social law.The book begins with the history of the world and the creation by the divine being of the social order, with the Brahmins at the top. It then outlines the elements of VEDIC education that are required in the BRAHMACHARYA or student stage of life. It gives an idealized description of the householder stage of life, dealing with mar-riage, children, ceremonies for ancestors, virtues such as generosity and merit, and a listing of the permitted occupations for a twice-born person, a person of the three top castes. Among other topics are the acceptance of food from various people, the types of foods that can or cannot be eaten, and things that will pollute a Brahmin by contact. It also discusses the forest dweller’s (VANAPRASTHA’s) duties and behavior that would be taken up when the householder reached that stage of life.Two chapters deal extensively with the proper conduct of kings. There is a chapter on women that has become notorious for its call for their complete submission to men, and other sections on issues of inheritance and kingly justice. The book outlines the four-CASTE system and discusses the various mixed of castes. It has a chapter on restitution for various crimes; a lower-caste person is to be punished more severely than an upper-caste person. Finally it discusses issues of transmigration and KARMA.Further reading: Wendy Doniger, with Brian K. Smith, The Laws of Manu (London: Penguin Books, 1991); Urmila Rustagi and Sudesh Narang, Manu/Manu Smrti: An Appraisal (Delhi: J. P., 1995).
Encyclopedia of Hinduism. A. Jones and James D. Ryan. 2007.
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Laws of Manu — Laws of Manu, = Code of Manu. (Cf. ↑Code of Manu) … Useful english dictionary
The Laws of Manu — The Laws of Manu † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Laws of Manu The Laws of Manu is the English designation commonly applied to the Manava Dharma sastra , a metrical Sanskrit compendium of ancient sacred laws and customs held in the… … Catholic encyclopedia
Manu — [Sanskrit »Mensch«, zu man »denken«], in der indischen Mythologie der Stammvater der Menschheit und ihr Gesetzgeber. Danach ist von 14 aufeinander folgenden Manu der siebente, Vaivasvata, der Manu unseres Zeitalters, der nach der Sintflut, aus… … Universal-Lexikon
Manu Smriti — The Manu Smriti (Sanskrit: मनुस्मृति) is a work of Hindu law and ancient Indian society. It is also known as the Laws of Manu. It is one of the nineteen [For nineteen Dharmashastras, see: Avari, p. 142.] Dharmasastra, which are part of the Smriti … Wikipedia
Manu Smriti — Die Manusmriti (Sanskrit, f., मनुस्मृति, manusmṛti, Gesetzbuch des Manu, auch bekannt unter dem Namen mānavadharmashāstra) ist ein indischer Text, dessen Titel mit „Gesetzbuch des Manu“ wiedergegeben wird. Dieser Text gehört zu den Dharmasutras… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Manu (Hinduism) — For other uses, see Manu (disambiguation). In various Hindu traditions, Manu is a title accorded to the progenitor of mankind, and also the very first brahman king to rule this earth, who saved mankind from the universal flood. He was absolutely… … Wikipedia
Manu — Contents 1 Geography 2 People 3 Religion 4 Other … Wikipedia
Manu — noun Etymology: Sanskrit Date: 1839 the progenitor of the human race and giver of the religious laws of Manu according to Hindu mythology … New Collegiate Dictionary
Manu, The Laws of — • The English designation commonly applied to the Manava Dharma sastra , a metrical Sanskrit compendium of ancient sacred laws and customs held in the highest reverence by the orthodox adherents of Brahminism Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight.… … Catholic encyclopedia
Leyes de Manu — Las Leyes de Manu es un importante texto sánscrito de la sociedad antigua de la India. मनुसंहिता (en alfabeto devánagari), manusaṃhitā (en IAST) o Manu sámjitaa (‘recopilación de Manu’). मानवधर्मशास्त्र (en devánagari), mānavadharmaśāstra (en… … Wikipedia Español