- (c. 880–930 C.E.)Tamil Vaishnavite poet-saintNammalvar, “Our Own Alvar,” was the 11th and greatest of the 12 ALVA R S, the poet-saints, of Tamil VAISHNAVISM. He composed four works, of which the 1,100-verse Tiruvaymoli is most influential. Also celebrated are Tiruviruttam and Periyatiru-vantati.According to legend Nammalvar was born in a Vellala family (technically SHUDRA or ser-vant class) to his father, Kariyar, and mother, Utaiyanankaiyar, in Kurugur (Tirunagari) in the Tirunelveli District of Tamil Nadu. The pair had prayed for a child at a temple at Tirukkurungudi and were told there that the child would be a part of VISHNU himself. Vishnu sent his minister Vishvaksena (theologically a part of Vishnu) to be incarnated as the child.Maran (the later Nammalvar) was born only 43 days after KRISHNA himself passed from the world. As a baby, he is said never to have cried or drunk milk, but to have been possessed of a beatific, divine smile. After 11 days the parents took this divine child and placed him in the creche of a tamarind tree. The child, in a deep trance, opened neither mouth nor eyes for 16 years.As Nammalvar was in this trance, the 10th of the Alvars, Mathurakavi, was traveling in the north of India. One night he saw a vision of blazing light in the south, which told him that a saint had been born there. He managed to find the young person seated in MEDITATION, looking impervious to the outside world. To see whether he could distract Nammalvar he dropped a stone on the ground and Nammalvar opened his eyes. Mathurakavi tested him with a difficult riddle; when he answered insightfully the older saint bowed down and accepted Nammalvar as his mas-ter. At this moment the transcendent vision over-whelmed Nammalvar and he began to pour forth his devotional songs in a continuous stream.Further reading: John Carman and Vasudha Narayanan, The Tamil Veda: Pillan’s Interpretation of the Tiruvaymoli (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989); Alkon-davilli Govindacharya, The Holy Lives of the Azhvars or the Dravida Saints (Bombay: Ananthacharya Indological Research Institute, 1982); A. K. Ramanujan, Hymns for the Drowning (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1981).
Encyclopedia of Hinduism. A. Jones and James D. Ryan. 2007.
Look at other dictionaries:
Nammalvar — (aussi Nammalwar, Nammaalhvaar, Nammalhvar, Nammaalvaar ,Nammalwar) est l un des douze Alvars, bien connu[réf. nécessaire] pour ses nombreux hymnes sur la dévotion à Vishnu. La Tradition lui attribue la date de 3102 av J.C. (à savoir, le… … Wikipédia en Français
Nammalvar — Nammalwar Born 8 C. A.D. Thiruvenparisaaram(presently known as thirupathisaaram) Titles/honours Alvar saint Philosophy Vaishnava … Wikipedia
Madhurakavi Alvar — Madhurakavi (literally meaning Poet of sweet words ) is a Tamil saint/composer of the 6th to 9th century. He composed 11 couplets in praise of his guru, Nammalvar in the 4000 divya Prabhandham. He is considered one of the alvars. He is venerated… … Wikipedia
Divya Prabandha — Part of a series on Hindu scriptures … Wikipedia
Mangalasasanam by Divyadesam — The Alvars during the early medieval period of Tamil history (between the seventh and the tenth centuries CE) worshipped Vishnu and his Avatars through their hymns. This collection of their hymns is known as Divya Prabhandham. Mangalasasanam… … Wikipedia
Divya Prabandha — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Nalayira Divya Prabandha (o 4000 divinas amistades) es una colección de 4000 poemas (en idioma tamil, nālayira significa ‘4000’) fue compuesto antes del siglo VIII de nuestra era por los doce poetas Alvar… … Wikipedia Español
Divya prabandha — El Nalayira divya prabandha (‘cuatro mil divinas amistades’) es una colección de 4000 poemas (en idioma tamil, nālayira significa ‘4000’) que compuesieron antes del siglo VIII de nuestra era por los doce poetas Alvar (vishnuistas que ayudaron… … Wikipedia Español
Manavala Mamunigal — An article related to Hinduism … Wikipedia
Moozhikkalattappan Temple — Thirumoozhikkulam Temple … Wikipedia
Alvars — The Alvars, “those who are immersed in God,” are the 12 poet saints of South Indian VAISHNAVISM. They lived between the seventh and 10th centu ries. Their devotional songs, written in the Tamil language, were collected in the Nalayira Divya… … Encyclopedia of Hinduism