papa
   In the KARMA system, papa is karmic demerit, often translated as “sin.” All Hindu and Buddhist traditions used this term, which is the opposite of PUNYA or karmic merit. An accumulation of papa over a lifetime causes a rebirth into a status that accords with the sin. The various types of papa, or sins, are detailed in the texts on proper conduct or DHARMA. MANU’S DHARMASHASTRA, for example, has long lists of sins and transgressions. In the Indian context, however, there is no universal notion of sin. Instead, sin is determined by one’s social place and rank.
   A BRAHMIN committing a crime, for instance, will not be punished in any way as strictly as a SHUDRA (person of the servant class) would be for the same crime. On the other hand, a Brahmin who would use alcohol or eat beef would be seen to be committing a much greater sin than a Shu-dra who did.
   Further reading: Wendy Doniger and Brian K. Smith, trans., The Laws of Manu (New York: Penguin Books, 1991); Wendy Doniger O’Flaherty, Karma and Rebirth in Classical Indian Traditions (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Synonyms:
(so used by children)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • papa — papa …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • papa —   Pāpā …   English-Hawaiian dictionary

  • papa — [ papa ] n. m. • 1256; du lat. pappus « aïeul » 1 ♦ Terme affectueux par lequel les enfants même devenus adultes désignent leur père. Oui, papa. Demande à papa, à ton père. Un papa gâteau (⇒ gâteau) . Un papa poule (⇒ 1. poule) . Jouer au papa et …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Papa — or PAPA may refer to: P, in the ICAO spelling alphabet Papa class submarine Pāpa, in Hinduism, the Sanskrit word for the concept of sin Papa is a word used in many languages as an affectionate term for father People: Ernest Hemingway (1899–1961) …   Wikipedia

  • Papa — (auch Papi oder Vati) ist ein allgemein gebräuchliches Kosewort für den Vater. Die Mutter wird Mama, Mami oder Mutti genannt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Zweites Wort 2 Papa, weltweit 2.1 Indogermanische Sprachen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pápa — Pápa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • PAPA — (c. 300–375), Babylonian amora. Papa studied under rava (Er. 51a) and Abbaye (Ber. 20a). After the latter s death he founded an academy at naresh (near Sura), where he held the post of resh metivta (head of the academy) (Ta an. 9a) for 19 years,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • papá — 1. ‘Padre’. Procede del latín papa, pronunciado [pápa], y así se dijo en español hasta el siglo xviii. Después, por influjo del francés, comenzó a extenderse la pronunciación aguda papá, hoy general en el uso culto de España y América. La forma… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • papa — PAPÁ s.m. sg. (Franţuzism) 1. Tată. 2. (Rar) Termen familiar folosit de cineva pentru a vorbi cu (sau despre) un bărbat mai în vârstă. – Din fr. papa. Trimis de valeriu, 08.04.2005. Sursa: DEX 98  PAPÁ s. v. părinte, tată. Trimis de siveco,… …   Dicționar Român

  • păpa — PĂPÁ, pap, vb. I. tranz. 1. (În graiul copiilor) A mânca. ♢ Compus: papă lapte s.m. invar. = persoană lipsită de energie, de iniţiativă; om bleg, nătăfleţ. 2. fig. (fam.) A irosi, a risipi, a toca (bani, avere etc.). – lat. pappare. Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

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