- A pramana is a criterion for valid argument in Indian philosophy. From its earliest days Indian philosophy sought to delimit the grounds upon which valid argument could be made. Different philosophical schools varied widely as to which grounds they accepted, but they all had from one to six or more explicit pramanas.Examples of pramanas are pratyaksha, or direct perception; ANUMANA, or inference; and SHRUTI, or scripture. The CHARVAKAS, the Indian materialists, believed that only direct perception or pratyaksha was valid and there is no point in trying to draw any conclusions by analogy or any other way. The MIMAMSA school, on the other hand, saw shruti or the Vedic scripture to be the most important pra-mana. NYAYA-VAISHESHIKA, the most philosophical school, strongly relied on inference, or anumana.Further reading: S. N. Dasgupta, The History of Indian Philosophy (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1971–75); R. I. Inagalalli, Sabda Pramana, an Epistemological Analysis (Delhi: Sri Satguru, 1988).
Encyclopedia of Hinduism. A. Jones and James D. Ryan. 2007.
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Pramana — (IAST IAST|Pramāņa ) ( sources of knowledge , Sanskrit) is an epistemological term in Hindu [ [http://www.dvaita.org/shaastra/prameya.html#section 2 The Nine Tenets of Vedanta] ] [ [http://www.hindupedia.com/en/Pramana Pramana] at Hindupedia, the … Wikipedia
Pramana — Pramāṇa (devanāgarī: प्रमाण) (moyen de connaissance valide) est un terme de philosophie hindoue ou bouddhique qui correspond dans la philosophie occidentale à l épistémologie. Le pramāņa forme un membre d un tripode (tripuţi) orbitant autour… … Wikipédia en Français
pramana — pramȃna ž DEFINICIJA fil. u sustavu nyȃya označuje četiri sredstva izravne spoznaje stvarnosti: percepciju, induktivno ili deduktivno rasuđivanje, svjedočenje i analogiju ETIMOLOGIJA skr. pramāṇa … Hrvatski jezični portal
pramāṇa — ▪ Indian philosophy (Sanskrit: “measure”), in Indian philosophy, the means by which one obtains accurate and valid knowledge (pramā, pramiti) about the world. The accepted number of pramāṇa varies, according to the philosophical system or… … Universalium
pramana — (Skt., measure) A standard of reasoning, or criterion of truth. The sources or bases of knowledge may be distinguished as perception, inference, testimony, analogy, implication in a wider sense than inference, and the interesting category of… … Philosophy dictionary
pramāṇa — प्रमाण … Indonesian dictionary
pramāṇa-tā — प्रमाणता … Indonesian dictionary
pramana — prãmana sf. (1) žr. praminas 1: Į prãmaną dėdavo spalių, paminų, pelų, pakračių ir truputį žvyro Šll … Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language
Pramāṇa-samuccaya — The Pramāṇa samuccaya ( A Compendium of Validities ) is a work by Dignāga, the early medieval Indian Buddhist logician and epistemologist, which may be seen as the definitive statement of his epistemological work. The work comprises an outline in … Wikipedia
Pramana-varttika — ▪ Buddhist work Sanskrit“Commentary on Valid Knowledge” perhaps the foremost work on Buddhist logic and epistemology, written in the 7th century. The Pramana varttika is the chief work of Dharmakirti (Dharmakīrti), originally a southern… … Universalium