pranayama
   Pranayama (lit. breath control) is one of the elements in the eightfold path of YOGA found in PATANJALI’s YOGA SUTRA and other sources. Watching the breath is an element of virtually every yoga that emerged in India, whether Hindu, Buddhist, or Jain. The practice of PRANAYAMA is one of not only focusing on the breath but learning to control it in its three phases of inhalation (puraka), exhalation (recaka), and suspension of breath between the two (kumbhaka). Each must be controlled so that the three fill equal durations of time. One must gradually develop the ability to prolong all three.
   Further reading: Swami Narayananda, The Secrets of Prana, Pranayama and Yoga-Asanas, 5th rev. ed. (Gyl-ling, Denmark: Narayanananda Universal Yoga Trust & Ashrama, 1979); Swami Naranjananda Saraswati, Prana, Pranayama, Prana Vidya (Munger: Bihar School of Yoga, 1994).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

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  • Pranayama — Prāṇāyāma (devanāgarī : प्राणायाम ) est un terme sanskrit qui correspond dans les Yoga Sūtra de Patañjali au quatrième membre (aṅga) du Yoga[1]. Prāṇayāma est la discipline du souffle[1] au travers de la connaissance et le contrôle du prāṇa …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Pranayama — A man practicing Pranayama Pranayama (Sanskrit: प्राणायाम prāṇāyāma) is a Sanskrit word meaning extension of the prana or breath or more accurately, extension of the life force . The word is composed of two Sanskrit words, Prān …   Wikipedia

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  • pranayama — noun Breathing techniques. When used as a technical term in yoga, it is often translated more specifically as breath control …   Wiktionary

  • pranayama — pra·na·ya·ma (prah″nə yahґmə) [Sanskrit prana, q.v.] according to ayurveda, breath control, occurring as one of the eight limbs of raja yoga (see yoga); it is used as a means of controlling the energy within the body and the mind… …   Medical dictionary

  • PRANAYAMA —    breath control in YOGA …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • pranayama — [ˌprα:nʌ jα:mə] noun (in yoga) the regulation of the breath through certain techniques and exercises. Origin Sanskrit, from prāṇa breath + āyāma restraint …   English new terms dictionary

  • pranayama — /pranəˈjamə/ (say prahnuh yahmuh) noun (in yoga) any of various practices aimed at regulating the breath, as a means to achieving a meditative state of mind. {Hindi (from Sanskrit) prāna breath, energy + āyāma restraint} …   Australian English dictionary

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