purusha
   The term purusha has two meanings. In the ancient RIG VEDA, X. 90, the Purusha (usually spelled in English with a capital P) is the divine being who existed before time and was sacrificed to create both the transcendent and the material realms. The major Vedic ritual, the AGNICHAYANA, was seen as a reenactment of this primordial cre-ation, and Purusha was seen as being sacrificed once again to mirror the myth. In that context the Purusha began to be called PRAJAPATI.
   The second sense of the word purusha is found in the SAMKHYA and YOGA traditions, where puru-sha is the individual self. In the early understand-ing the purushas were infinite in number and all eternally distinct from one another. In the later understanding, affected by VEDANTIC thinking, the purushas merged with the ultimate self, or ATMAN, when they achieved liberation. In current yoga, the term purusha is just another term for atman or “worldly self.”
   Further reading: S. N. Dasgupta, History of Indian Phi-losophy, 5 vols. (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1971–75; Klaus Klostermaier, A Survey of Hinduism (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994); Heinrich Zimmer, Philosophies of India (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton Univer-sity Press, 1974).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Purusha — (Sanskrit, m., पुरुष, puruṣa, Mann, Mensch, Menschheit, Person, Urseele) ist ein wichtiger Begriff in der indischen Mythologie, in der Samkhya Philosophie und im Shivaismus. Der Begriff Purusha hat im Laufe der Zeit eine interessante Entwicklung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Purusha — In Hinduism, Purusha (Sanskrit IAST|puruṣa, पुरुष man, Cosmic Man , in Sutra literature also called IAST|puṃs man ) is the self which pervades the universe. The Vedic divinities are considered to be the human mind s interpretation of the many… …   Wikipedia

  • Púrusha — En el hinduismo, el Púrusha (en sánscrito: ‘varón’) es la divinidad única que impregna el universo. El Púrusha representado como un humanoide, fantasía (1995) del pintor uzbeko británico Igor Kufayev. púruṣa, en el sistema AITS (alfabeto… …   Wikipedia Español

  • purusha — /poor euh sheuh/, n. Hinduism. (in Sankhya and Yoga) one s true self, regarded as eternal and unaffected by external happenings. Cf. prakriti. [ < Skt purusa lit., man] * * * ▪ Indian philosophy Sanskrit  Puruṣa        (“person,” or “spirit”), in …   Universalium

  • Purusha — Pụrusha   [Sanskrit »Mensch«] der, , Religionswissenschaft: 1) in der indischen Mythologie der ewige Mensch, das Urwesen; nach einem Schöpfungsmythos des »Rigveda« entstand die Welt aus Teilen des Urpurusha; 2) in der indischen Philosophie… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Purusha —    In Vedic myth the male half of Brahma as opposed to Satarupa, the female half. Purusha has also been described as a primeval giant from whose dead body the world was created. The confusion between Purusha and Viraj may have arisen from the… …   Who’s Who in non-classical mythology

  • Purusha — Le Puruṣa (devanāgarī : पुरुष) est un terme sanskrit qui signifie Mâle, homme, personne, mais aussi héros[1]. En philosophie hindoue ce terme désigne l Être, le macrocosme. Dans le courant philosophique du Sāṃkhya, le Puruṣa est le principe… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • púrusha — पुरुष …   Indonesian dictionary

  • purusha — pu·ru·sha …   English syllables

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