- (Ramanujacharya)(1077–1157 C.E.) (dated by his tradition from 1017 to 1137)philosopher of VedantaRamanuja was the founder of the philosophical school known as Vishistadvaita or “special non-dualism.”Ramanuja was born in the city of KANCHI-PURAM near present-day Chennai (Madras). His father was a Vedic BRAHMIN who was known as a brilliant student of the SANSKRIT scriptures. His first GURU, Yadava Prakasha, had a system that was not to the liking of this student genius. It soon became clear that he would develop his own system, which would challenge that of his teacher. Ramanuja’s guru is said to have arranged to have him killed, while luring him on a PILGRIMAGE to the holy city of BENARES (Varanasi) on the GANGES. Ramanuja was miraculously saved and eventually his guru bowed to his feet and accepted Ramunuja himself as his teacher.Ramanuja’s system of VEDANTA combines the view of a unitary divinity found in the UPANISHADS with the theism of later Hinduism. For Ramanuja the divinity is endowed with innumerable auspi-cious attributes, as opposed to the view of SHAN-KARA, who saw the ultimate reality or BRAHMAN as completely beyond characteristics or char-acterization. Where as Shankara’s brahman was an inert, transcendental reality upon which the world was lain as a false conception, Ramanuja’s brahman was the Lord VISNHU, who was the soul to the universe, which was seen as his body.Along with many philosophic works in San-skrit, Ramanuja wrote incisive Sanskrit commen-taries on the BRAHMA SUTRAS and the BHAGAVAD GITA in his effort to refute the earlier and well-accepted school of Shankara. In his work, he validated the mystical vision of the Vaishnavite saints of Tamil Nadu, the ALVARS, whose Tamil songs were later collected as the main text for Tamil Vaishnavites, the Nalayiradivyaprabandham.The movement in India that follows the teach-ings of Ramanuja and the Alvars is known as Sri Vaishnavism. It is a tradition of temple worship, in which both Tamil and Sanskrit scriptures are recited in the temples. The most important site for this tradition is the temple to Lord Ranganatha (Vishnu) at Shrirangam in Tamil Nadu. There is a secondary shrine in the smaller community of Sri Vaishnavites at Melkote in Karnataka.Further reading: John Carman, The Theology of Ramanuja: An Essay in Interreligious Understanding (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1974); Julius J. Lipner, The Face of Truth: A Study of Mean and Metaphys-ics in the Vedantic Theology of Ramanuja (Houndmills, England: Macmillan, 1986); Swami Tapasyananda, Bhakti Schools of Vedanta (Madras: Sri Ramakrishna Math, n.d.); P. B. Vidyarthi, Divine Personality and Human Life in Ramanuja (New Delhi: Oriental, 1978).
Encyclopedia of Hinduism. A. Jones and James D. Ryan. 2007.
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Ramanuja — (indic |lang=ta |indic=ராமானுஜர் |trans=Rāmānujar; traditionally 1017 ndash;1137), also known as Ramanujacharya, was a theologian, philosopher, and scriptural exegete. He is seen by IAST|Śrīvaiṣṇavas as the third and most important teacher (… … Wikipedia
Ramanuja — (Devanagari: रामानुज, Rāmānuja; * vermutlich um 1050 in Sriperumbudur im heutigen Bundesstaat Tamil Nadu; † wohl 1137 in Srirangam) war ein indischer Philosoph und religiöser Lehrer des Hinduismus. Er war der Begründer der Vishishtadvaita Lehre,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Râmânuja — Ramanuja Religions Védisme Brahmanisme Hindouisme Ajîvika Jaïnisme … Wikipédia en Français
Rāmānuja — Ramanuja Religions Védisme Brahmanisme Hindouisme Ajîvika Jaïnisme … Wikipédia en Français
Ramanuja — Rāmānuja (1077–1157) était un mystique, philosophe et théologien de l’Inde. Il est considéré par les hindous comme le plus grand commentateur du Vishistādvaita, un texte du Vedānta. Il est considéré comme le troisième plus important Ācārya par… … Wikipédia en Français
Ramanuja — [ dʒa], indischer Philosoph und in Südindien verehrter Vishnu Heiliger, * Shriperumbudur um 1050, ✝ Shrirangam 1137. Nach ausgedehnter Pilgerschaft wirkte er in Shrirangam. In seinem Hauptwerk »Shribhasya«, einem Kommentar zu den Brahmasutras… … Universal-Lexikon
Rāmānuja — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ramanuya Acharia fue un importante teólogo y líder religioso indio. Estatua de Ramanuja en un templo. El término sánscrito rāma anu sha significa ‘hermano menor de Rama’ (siendo rāma: ‘placer’, anu: ‘pequeño’ y j … Wikipedia Español
RAMANUJA — Ce qui caractérise l’attitude de R m nuja, c’est l’exaltation de la Personne Suprême, Absolu personnel qui s’oppose à l’Absolu impersonnel de えa face= EU Updot 臘kara et de tout le mouvement de l’advaita , du non dualisme radical. Si le Maître de… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Ramanuja — /rah mah noo jeuh/, n. 1017 1134, Indian leader of the Shri Vaishnavite sect. * * * born с 1017, Shriperumbudur, India died 1137, Shrirangam Indian theologian and philosopher, the most influential thinker of devotional Hinduism. After a long… … Universalium
Ramanuja — (1016 1137) Born in a Tamil Brahman family of Turu pati, Ramanuja spent a considerable part of his life teaching at the fa mous temple of Shrirangam. He disagreed with Shankara s view that knowledge was the primary means of salvation.… … Historical dictionary of Medieval India