rishi
   A rishi in its most ancient Vedic sense was a seer and an inspired poet. The original rishis were those who saw or called forth the eternal verses of the VEDAS. The Vedas were not seen as writ-ten by anyone; the rishis were conduits for them. Most of the Vedic MANTRAS include the name of the rishi who recorded them. Seven of these ancient rishis are seen as the starting points for the orthodox BRAHMIN lineages: Kashyapa, Atri, K 366 Rishabha
   Vasishtha, Vishvamitra, Gautama, Jamadagni, and Bharadvaja.
   In the later epics and Puranas, or mythical lore, rishis inhabited ASHRAMS or retreat places in the wilderness, where they performed their aus-terities. These rishis were sages, not necessarily connected with the transmission of the Vedas. Some of them were composers or compilers of the epics, such as the rishi VALMIKI who compiled the RAMAYANA, and the rishi VYASA who gave us the MAHABHARATA. The rishis encountered in this later literature often are known for the frighten-ing curses they imposed upon those who had not treated them with due deference and respect.
   Rishi today is an honorific term, for instance, in the case of MAHARISHI (great rishi) Mahesh Yogi, who founded the TRANSCENDENTAL MEDITATION movement. Few such people today are considered comparable to the great rishis of the past.
   See also sapta rishi.
   Further reading: John Dowson, A Classical Dictionary of Hindu Mythology and Religion, Geography, History, and Literature, 12th ed. (Ludhiana: Lyall Book Depot, 1974); John E. Mitchiner, Traditions of the Seven Rsis (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1982); C. Sivaramamurti, Rishis in Indian Art and Literature (New Delhi: Kanak, 1981).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Rishi — Un rishi sculpté au bas d une colonnette du Phra Prang Sam Yod de Lopburi en Thaïlande. Rishi ( ऋषि en écriture devanāgarī, ṛṣi en translittération IAST) est un mot de vieil indien repris dans la langue sanskrite, construit sur la racine… …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • rishi — ● risi ou rishi nom masculin (mot sanskrit signifiant sage) Auteur inspiré des hymnes du Rigveda. Saint personnage dans le brahmanisme. ⇒RICHI, RISHI, subst. masc. RELIG. Homme d une grande sainteté et d une grande sagesse dans la tradition… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rishi — En el marco del hinduismo, rishi (‘sabio, santo’) se refiere a alguno de los grandes sabios de la antigüedad védica, como Kasiapa, Vishuámitra o Vásista. Contenido 1 Etimología 2 Veedor de los «Vedas» 3 Los siete sabios …   Wikipedia Español

  • rishi — En el marco del hinduismo, rishi (‘sabio, santo’) se refiere a alguno de los grandes sabios de la antigüedad védica, como Kasiapa, Vishuámitra o Vásista. Contenido 1 Etimología 2 Veedor de los «Vedas» 3 Los siete sabios …   Wikipedia Español

  • rishi — noun a) A Vedic poet and seer who composed Rigvedic hymns, who alone or with others invokes the deities with poetry of a sacred character. The rishi asked one unfathomable question after another, until both he and his audience were reduced to the …   Wiktionary

  • rishi — /rish ee/, n. Hinduism. 1. an inspired sage or poet. 2. (cap.) one of seven of these to whom the Vedas supposedly were revealed. [1760 70; < Skt rsi] * * * …   Universalium

  • Rishi — Rịshi,   Rịschi [ ʃi, Sanskrit], indische Religionsgeschichte: ein heiliger Seher, der den Veda geschaut und den Menschen übermittelt hat …   Universal-Lexikon

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