sannyasi
(f. sannyasini)
   A sannyasi is a male renunciant who has “thrown everything down.” (Rarely, there will be female sannyasinis.) Many sects in India have sannyasis, men who are seen as no longer a part of the every-day world (only a very few allow women renun-ciants). The rules or vows vary in the different traditions, but until modern times, sannyasis were expected to shun worldly occupations, living only through alms or in a monastic environment.
   The vows for sannyasis all entail dietary restrictions that limit the number and size of meals, avoidance of women, prohibition on use of alcohol, and a focus on the divine at all times. Sannyasi is the fourth stage of life or ASHRAMA FOR BRAHMIN males, the point at which they ideally throw down all conventional life and take up a life of wandering as they focus on God or BRAHMAN.
   Further reading: Patrick Olivelle, “Contributions to the Semantic History of Samnyasa,” Journal of the American Oriental Society 101 (1981): 265–274; ———, Renun-ciation in Hinduism: A Mediaeval Debate, 2 vols. (Vienna: University of Vienna, 1986–87).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sannyasi — [sun′yä′sinsun yä′sē] n. [Hindi sannyāsī < Sans saṁnyāsin, casting away < saṃ, together (see SAME) + ni, down (for IE base see NETHER) + asayati, (he) casts] 1. a Hindu holy man who is a homeless mendicant 2. a disciple of any of certain… …   English World dictionary

  • Sannyasi — Sannyasi, so v.w. Sanjasi …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • sannyasi — /sun yah see/, n. Hinduism. a wandering beggar and ascetic. [1605 15; < Hindi: one who casts away] * * * In Hinduism, one who renounces all ties with family and society and pursues spiritual liberation. Sannyasis are a class of sadhu that do not… …   Universalium

  • sannyasi — or sannyasin noun Etymology: Hindi sannyāsī, from Sanskrit sannyāsin Date: 1613 a Hindu mendicant ascetic …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Sannyasi — Dieser Artikel erläutert traditionelle indische Sannyasins. Auch die Schüler des spirituellen Lehrers Bhagwan / Osho (Indien/Poona) werden als „Sannyasins“ bezeichnet, siehe Osho. Sannyasin Sannyasin (auch Samnyasin, Sannyasi) kommt aus dem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sannyasi — Sann|ya|si: ↑Sanyasi. San|ya|si, Sannyasi, der; [s], n [zu sanskr. Samnyasa = Entsagung]: Hindu, der der Welt im Streben nach spiritueller Erkenntnis entsagt; Anhänger des Bhagwans Rajneesh …   Universal-Lexikon

  • sannyasi — n. (also sanyasi) (pl. same) a Hindu religious mendicant. Etymology: Hindi & Urdu sannyasi f. Skr. samnyasin laying aside f. sam together, ni down, as throw …   Useful english dictionary

  • sannyasi — Synonyms and related words: Albigensian, Brahman, Catharist, Franciscan, Ramwat, Sabbatarian, Trappist, Waldensian, abstainer, anchorite, ascetic, bairagi, bashara, bhikhari, bhikshu, dervish, fakir, flagellant, guru, hermit, mendicant, pujari,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • Sannyasi — Sann|ya|si vgl. ↑Sanyasi …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • sannyasi — n. (Hinduism) Hindu monk; wandering Hindu religious beggar …   English contemporary dictionary

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