sati
(suttee) widow self-immolation
   Sati, the practice of burning widows on their hus-bands’ funeral pyres (as had happened with the goddess Sati), developed in post-Vedic India, as the rights of women, especially widows, greatly deteriorated. Widows were almost considered to be dead. They had to shave their heads and dress in white with no decoration. They were consid-ered inauspicious and were often confined to the home.
   Because of the practice of marriage outside one’s clan in North India, spouses generally were from distant villages. As all marriages were patrilocal, a woman whose husband had died would find herself living with unrelated in-laws, who often did not look upon her kindly. If the woman had several children and particularly a son, she might draw comfort and status from them, but if she were newly married with no chil-dren, she looked forward to a life of ascetic denial and loneliness as remarriage was strictly forbid-den. As a result, many women succumbed to the social pressure of self-immolation on the fires of their husbands; it is documented that many oth-ers were coerced to do so. As an added incentive, in certain regions, the woman who became a sati was deified.
   In the 19th century the British colonial admin-istrators outlawed sati. Independent India also outlawed the practice, and it largely fell into dis-use after independence. However, the debate over the practice never completely ceased. With the modern Hindu revival some have argued that this traditional practice should be encouraged; this idea has spurred furious opposition from secular-ists and women’s groups.
   Further reading: John Stratton Hawley, ed., Sati, the Blessing and the Curse: The Burning of Wives in India (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994); John S. Hawley and Donna M. Wulff, eds., Devi: Goddesses of India (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996); Stella Kramrisch, The Presence of Siva (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1981); Rajeswari Sunder Rajan, Real and Imagined Women: Gender, Culture, and Postcolonialism (London/New York: Routledge, 1993).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Satî — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sati. Dans l épopée hindoue du Mahâbhârata, Satî, qui porte aussi le nom de Dakshayani , est l aînée des filles de Prasuti et Daksha. Elle aime Shiva, mais son père, Daksha, qui s est disputé avec le dieu,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • sati — [ sati ] n. f. et m. inv. • 1875; suttie 1829; mot hindi, fém. de sat « sage », par l angl. ♦ Hist. relig. 1 ♦ N. f. Veuve qui s immolait rituellement sur le bûcher funéraire de son mari, en Inde. Adj. inv. Femme, veuve sati. 2 ♦ N. m. Le rite… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sati —    Sati is the first wife of SHIVA, later reincarnated as PARVATI or Uma. She is the daughter of the sage DAKSHA, himself the son of BRAHMA. Brahma was concerned that the human universe would not come about if Shiva did not take a wife, so he com …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • Sati — may refer to: *Mindfulness (Pali). In Buddhism the word ‘Sati’ usually carries the meaning of awareness or skillful attentiveness *An alternative name for Hindu goddess Dakshayani, Shiva s first wife *Sati (practice), the immolation of a widow on …   Wikipedia

  • Sati —   [Sanskrit »treue Gattin«], im Hinduismus Bezeichnung für die treue Ehefrau (nach dem Vorbild der Sati, wie Shivas Gattin Parvati auch genannt wird), die ihrem verstorbenen Mann durch Selbstverbrennung folgte, um so im Jenseits mit ihm vereint… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • SATI — is a four letter acronym which can refer to:*Samrat Ashok Technological Institute *Science and Advanced Technology Institute *South African Tourism Institute *South African Translators Instituteee also*Sati …   Wikipedia

  • sati — SÁTI s. f. (la brahmani) nume dat văduvei care era arsă pe rugul funerar alături de corpul soţului defunct. ♢ ritualul însuşi. (< fr. sati) Trimis de raduborza, 13.08.2008. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • Sati — Sàti ž DEFINICIJA 1. mit. žena Rudre u hinduističkoj mitologiji; žrtvovala se zbog svađe između njezina oca i muža 2. hind. običaj po kojem živu ženu spaljuju s umrlim mužem (danas zabranjeno zakonom) ETIMOLOGIJA skr. satī: dobra žena, žena odana …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Sati — (ind.), s. Sutti …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sati — Satī (meist Satti, auch Sutti) hieß in Indien die Frau, die sich beim Tode ihres Mannes mit verbrennen ließ; von den Europäern irrtümlich auf die Witwenverbrennung selbst übertragen, die in Indien sehr alt, von der engl. Regierung aber verboten… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • SATI' — (Sâtı a) Yükselerek meydana çıkan. * Yükselerek görünen. Nur saçan. Parlak …   Yeni Lügat Türkçe Sözlük

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”