Savitri
   1) mythic princess
   The story of Savitri and Satyavan, told in the Mahabharata, is one of the most poignant in Indian literature. The beautiful maiden Savitri falls in love with a hermit’s son, Satyavan, and marries him. Savitri learns from his father that unbeknown to Satyavan the boy has only one year to live. Savitri forebears from telling Satya-van, in order to preserve their precious days of happiness.
   The pair live in great delight as the bride tries to forget the curse that threatens their love. As the final day approaches Savitri furiously engages in prayers and penances to stave off the inevitable. On the final day she follows her husband closely into the woods where he has gone to fetch wood. Her husband soon collapses as the frightening figure of YAMA, god of death, appears before them with a noose in his hand.
   Yama removes Satyavan’s soul and heads toward his domain, with Savitri in desperate pur-suit. Yama asks her to turn back, but she insists that she will follow him even to the underworld. Seeing her great devotion, Yama grants her any boon but that of having her husband restored to life. She takes this boon but insists on following farther. She gains two more similar boons but will not relent. Finally, Yama offers her a boon with-out exception and she asks that her husband be restored to life. The boon is granted and Satyavan returns to life.
   SRI AUROBINDO wrote an elegant and enchant-ing epic poem celebrating this story, in which he outlines his conception of Integral Yoga and the power of the MOTHER to effect the complete supra-mental transformation of the universe.
   Further reading: Sri Aurobindo, Savitri: A Legend and a Symbol (Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Ashram, 1951); Aaron Shepard with Vera Rosenberry, Savitri: A Tale of Ancient India (Morton Grove, Ill.: A. Whitman, 1992).
   2) Vedic divinity
   Savitri is one name for the Vedic god of the Sun. Several gods in the RIG VEDA seem to be associ-ated with the Sun, probably indicating that the Sun had different names at different times of the day or seasons of the year, or for different purposes. Savitri was often used in conjunction with SURYA, and the two may have been inter-changeable.
   Savitri is used in the famous GAYATRI MANTRA, recited every morning by BRAHMINS and others. In the Rig Veda, Savitri is connected with several important rites. It is said that those who desire heaven should do the AGNICHAYANA, or “building of the fire altar,” ritual for Savitri.
   The name is derived from the SANSKRIT su (to incite or impel). Savitri thus brings to life or com-pels thoughts and action. This seems only natural for the Sun, who wakens the world and keeps it alive by its life-giving rays.
   Further reading: Alfred Hillebrandt, Vedic Mythology (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1990); P. Pandit, Aditi and Other Deities in the Veda (Pondicherry: Dipti, 1970); W. J. Wilkins, Hindu Mythology, Vedic and Puranic (Cal-cutta: Rupa, 1973).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Savitri — may refer to:*Savitri, with all vowels short, a Roman phonetic spelling of the Vedic Hindu sun god SavitrSavitri, ignoring the lengths of its vowels, can mean: *A name of the IAST|gāyatrī mantra dedicated to Savitar *A name of Suryā, the wife of… …   Wikipedia

  • Savitri —   [Sanskrit »Antreiber«], indischer Mythos: 1) Gott des vedischen Pantheons. Savitri, der in vieler Hinsicht als der abstrakte Aspekt des Sonnengottes Surya gelten kann, setzt v. a. am Morgen die Wesen in Bewegung. Nach Savitri benannt ist ein… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Savitri — (ohne Berücksichtigung der Vokallänge) steht für: Gayatri (Mantra), die bedeutendste vedische Hymne Savitri und Satyavan, eine Legende aus dem Mahabharata (3.277 283) für eine Oper von Gustav Holst ist der Name eines epischen Gedichts mit 24000… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Savitri — (ind. Rel.), so v.w. Gayatri …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sâvitrî — Sâvitrî, Gattin des Satyavân, deren aufopfernde Liebe zu ihrem Manne den Inhalt einer der schönsten Episoden des Mahâbhârata (s. d.) bildet. Sie weiß, daß ihr Mann nach einem Jahre sterben muß, und als der Todesgott seine Seele entführt, eilt sie …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Savitri — Sāvitrī, Tochter des ind. Sonnengottes Savitar; auch Tochter des Königs Açvapati, Frau des Satjavant, den sie durch ihre Treue dem Todesgotte Jama abringt. Die Erzählung von S. gehört zu den schönsten Episoden des Mahābhārata; übersetzt von… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • SAVITRI — S VITR 壟 Mot sanskrit (s vitr 稜 , l’«incitatrice») qui désigne d’abord une formule rituelle utilisée dans la cérémonie de l’initiation (upanayana ). Au moment où le jeune garçon de bonne caste atteint l’âge de raison, vers huit ans, il est… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Savitri — El término Savitri puede referirse a: Savitrí: diosa hindú, hija de Daksha y esposa de Brahmā. Savitrí: esposa de Kashiapa. Savitrí: esposa de Bhoya. Savitar: dios hindú del Sol. mantra Gaiatrí: oración dedicada a Savitar. Savitrí: otro nombre de …   Wikipedia Español

  • savitri — सवित्रि …   Indonesian dictionary

  • savitrī — सवित्री …   Indonesian dictionary

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