- (seventh century C.E.)founder of Vedanta philosophyShankara was the great seventh-century philo-sophical genius who created the first widely known school of VEDANTA. He is also known as Shankaracharya.Shankara was born in Kerala to a family of Nambudiri BRAHMINS, a strict Vedic group. Legend has it that when he was eight years old he wanted to become a renunciant, but his mother would not hear of it. Not long afterward, he was attacked by a crocodile. He cried out to his mother to allow him to renounce the world a moment before death so that he could reach liberation from birth and rebirth. His mother consented, and Shankara was miraculously released from the mouth of the crocodile.He then proceeded to tour India and debate all those whom he encountered. Eventually he became known as the most brilliant philosopher of his time. Following the lineage of his GURU’s guru Gaudpada, he argued that the BRAHMAN of the UPANISHADS was the only reality. He saw the world as a mere trifle, an illusion, or MAYA, unreal from the point of view of the ultimate.Shankara wrote commentaries on the VEDANTA SUTRA, the Upanishads, and the BHAGAVAD GITA. In a thoroughgoing analysis he found that they all expressed the understanding that only the path of knowledge, the true knowing of the brahman, could lead to liberation. Devotion and works were only secondary pursuits. He initiated a tra-dition of renunciant yogis (the SHANKARACHARYA ORDER) who sought the full realization of the brahman in a state of being, consciousness, and bliss (SAT-CHIT-ANANDA). Shankara’s name is also connected strongly to SHAIVISM and to the wor-ship of the GODDESS, through texts that were later attributed to him.Shankara’s system of Vedanta is known as the ADVAITA, or non-dual, VEDANTA, or more properly, Kevala (absolute) advaita Vedanta.Further reading: S. N. Dasgupts, History of Indian Philosophy, 5 vols. (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1975); Swami Gambhirananda, trans., Eight Upanisads with the Commentary of Sankaracarya, 2d ed. (Calcutta: advaita Ashrama, 1965–66); Karl Potter, Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies. Vol. 3, Advaita Vedanta Up to Sankara and His Pupils (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1981).
Encyclopedia of Hinduism. A. Jones and James D. Ryan. 2007.
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Shankara — mit Schülern (Gemälde von Raja Ravi Varma) Adi Shankara (Sanskrit, शंकर, śankara, adi heißt „Anfang, Ursprung“) genannt Shankaracharya (acharya heißt Meister) (* um 788 in Kalady in Kerala; † um 820) ist ein religiöser Lehrer und Philosoph des… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Shankara — (also written as Sankara or Samkara, IAST IAST|śaṅkara) can refer to: *Shiva, the Hindu god *Adi Shankara, 9th century Hindu philosopher *Psychological Reaction of Clinging or Aversion *with honorific: Shankaracharya (Shankara acharya) … Wikipedia
Shankara — Adi Shankara Adi Shankara Naissance: 788 Kalady (Inde) Décès: 820? Kedarnath (Inde) École/tradition … Wikipédia en Français
Shankara — (c. 788–820) Indian philosopher. Born in Kerala, Shankara is acknowledged as the leader of the Hindu revival after the Buddhist period, and a founder of religious orders on the Buddhist model. He led a peripatetic life and wrote a number of… … Philosophy dictionary
Shankara — Shạnkara [ʃ ], indischer Philosoph und Heiliger, * Kaladi (Kerala) 788, ✝ Kedarnath (Uttar Pradesh) 820; einer der bedeutendsten Vertreter des Advaita Vedanta und Erneuerer des Hinduismus, galt in Indien als eine Inkarnation Shivas. Shankara… … Universal-Lexikon
Shankara — /shung keuhr euh/, n. A.D. 789? 821?, Hindu Vedantist philosopher and teacher. Also, Sankara. Also called Shankaracharya /shung keuhr euh chahr yeuh/. * * * or Samkara born с 700, Kaladi village?, India died с 750, Kedarnath Indian philosopher… … Universalium
Shankara — /shung keuhr euh/, n. A.D. 789? 821?, Hindu Vedantist philosopher and teacher. Also, Sankara. Also called Shankaracharya /shung keuhr euh chahr yeuh/ … Useful english dictionary
Shankara Vijayam — Shankara Vijayams (IAST IAST|Śaṃkaravijayaṃ ) are traditional biographies of the Advaita philosopher Adi Shankara. The main Shankaravijams are: * Madhavīya Shankaravijayam (of Madhava, c. 14th century) * Anandagirīya Shankaravijayam (of… … Wikipedia
Shankara Variyar — was an Indian astronomer and mathematician who wrote the celebrated Yuktidipika , a commentary on the Tantrasangraha of Nilakantha Somayaji.ee also*Indian mathematicians … Wikipedia
Adi Shankara — Shankará (788 820) fue uno de los más importantes pensadores de la India. El legendario Adi Shankará, de acuerdo con la imaginación del pintor indio Raya Ravi Varma. Fue el primero que consolidó la doctrina aduaita vedanta (una de las escuelas… … Wikipedia Español