Shitala
   Shitala is the GODDESS of smallpox. Her name in Sanskrit means “cold” and refers to chill that accompanies the fever of smallpox. Though smallpox has been eradicated, Shitala is still wor-shipped in India to prevent or allay any serious disease.
   Shitala is understood both to cause disease and to cure it. Sometimes her worshippers paint marks on their faces to mimic the pox. In a way that is not completely clear, the disease itself is seen as grace of the goddess—and her grace removes the disease as well.
   Shitala is worshipped all over northern India. In South India the same goddess is called MARI-YAMMAN. Shitala’s shrines are mainly found in the countryside. Her iconography is a golden-com-plexioned female sitting on a lotus or riding on an ass. She is dressed in red clothes. When Shitala is worshipped, presents are made to her to gain her favor. If a person is cured, a larger gift is given. Her flower offerings are sometimes put in the hair of children after worship, to protect them against disease. A seriously ill individual might be placed directly in front of the image of Shitala to aid in the cure.
   Further reading: Ruth S. Freed and Stanley A. Freed, The Two Mother Goddess Ceremonies of Delhi State in the Great and Little Traditions (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1962); Donald S. Lopez Jr., ed., Religions of India in Practice (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1995); Subrata Kumar Mukhopad-hyay, Cult of Goddess Sitala in Bengal: An Enquiry into Folk Culture (Calcutta: Firma KLM, 1994).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shitala — Mata es el nombre con el cual se conoce a la diosa de la viruela en la India. Existen muchos templos dedicados a su culto. Se cree que cada vez Shitala se mueve, el cesto que lleva sobre su cabeza derrama unos granos y que cada grano se convierte …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Shitala Devi — Shītalā Devī, ou simplement Shītalā (hindi : शीतला देवी, Śītalā Devī), est une divinité hindoue vénérée en Inde du Nord, au Népal, et au Pakistan en tant que déesse de la variole. Le sens littéral de Shītalā Devī est « la déesse… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shitala Devi — also Sheetala Devi is a Hindu deity popular primarily among the people of North India and the Indian diaspora. She is identified with an aspect of Parvati, the consort of Shiva in elite literature. In general worship, she is invoked to get rid of …   Wikipedia

  • Śītalā — Representación de Shitala Devi, diosa de la viruela En el marco del hinduismo, Shitalá es el nombre de la diosa de la viruela. शीतला, en escritura devánagari. Śītalā, en el sistema IAST de transliteración. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mariamman — Mariamman, Mari, Aatha Goddess of disease, rain and protection Devanagari मरी Tamil script மாரியம்மன் …   Wikipedia

  • Agam Kuan — Agam Kuan, which means unfathomable well , is said to date back to the period of Maurya emperor, Ashoka. The well is located east of Patna, Bihar state, India. [ [http://www.buddhist tourism.com/countries/india/buddhist sites/patna bihar.html… …   Wikipedia

  • Churu — This article is about the municipality in Rajasthan, India. For its namesake district, see Churu district. Churu चूरु   city   …   Wikipedia

  • Revdanda — is a village near Alibag, India. It is 17 km away from Alibag and 125 km away from Mumbai.Till a few years ago the coastal road that goes south from Alibag used to terminate at Revdanda where it encountered the Kundalika creek. A bridge now spans …   Wikipedia

  • Kasba (Kolkata) — Kasba is a suburb of the city of Kolkata, India. It is situated in the southern part of the city encircled by the Sealdah South section of the Eastern Railways to the west, Dhakuria and Haltu to the south, the Eastern Metropolitan Bypass to the… …   Wikipedia

  • Sameer (lyricist) — Infobox actor imagesize = 150px bgcolour = name = Sameer birthdate = February 24, 1958 occupation = Lyricist location = vill. Odaar, near Benaras, Uttar Pradesh, India yearsactive = 1984 – present birthname = Shitala Pandey, nickname Rajan… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”