Singh, Kirpal Maharaj
(1894–1974)
   teacher of Sant Mat and Radhasoami
   Kirpal Maharaj Singh was a dynamic and influen-tial reformer and international champion of inter-faith cooperation. He helped disseminate the Sant Mat teachings in India and around the world.
   Kirpal Singh was born on Februrary 6, 1894, in Sayyad Kasran in the Rawalpindi District of the Punjab in what is now Pakistan. He was educated at the Edwards Church Mission High School in Peshawar. In January 1912 he signed up for government service in the Military Accounts Department, an occupation that he pursued until retirement in 1947 as deputy assistant control-ler of military accounts. Throughout his early life he studied the basic scriptures of the Sikhs, Christians, Muslims, Buddhists, and Zoroastri-ans and began to believe that various religious philosophies communicate the same basic truth, which is the need for each person to attain both self-knowledge and God-knowledge.
   In 1917 he first had contact with his teacher, Baba Sawan Singh of the Beas lineage of RADHA-SOAMI teachers. He was later married and became the father of two sons. In February 1924 he was formally initiated by Baba Sawan Singh and given the name Naam, “the word.” It is said that his teacher Sawan Singh passed all his spiritual knowledge onto his disciple through one look in the eyes. In 1935 he began writing and composing his text, Gurmat Sidhant. On April 2, 1948, after the death of his teacher, he began his ministry in the Radhasoami lineage. At the end of that year he started his mission and began giving regular initiations.
   In June of 1951 he founded the Sawan Ashram in Shakti Nagar, Delhi. Four years later he went on his first world tour. In 1956 in Delhi, he gave the inaugural address to the Ninth General Ses-sion of UNESCO. In 1957 he became the founding president of the World Fellowship of Religions; he later presided over four World Religious Confer-ences over a period of 14 years. In 1962 he was the first non-Christian to be honored with the Singh, Kirpal Maharaj 417 J
   Order of St. John of Jerusalem, Knights of Malta. His interfaith efforts reached a climax when he convened the first World Conference on Unity of Man in Delhi in February 1974, which inspired the Unity of Man movement.
   His extensive knowledge of major religious faiths along with his dedication to teaching led to Kirpal Singh’s wide acceptance in the West. He popularized Sant Mat teachings in India and the West and became one of the most well known teachers of Radhasoami. He died on August 21, 1974.
   See also Sant Mat movement.
   Further reading: David Christopher Lane, The Radhaso-ami Tradition: A Critical History of the Guru Successorship (New York: Garland, 1992); Bhadra Sena, ed., Ocean of Grace Divine (Bowling Green, Va.: Sawan Kirpal, 1976); Kirpal Singh, The Crown of Life (Delhi: Ruhani Satsang, 1967); ———, Surat Shabd Yoga: The Yoga of the Celes-tial Sound (Berkeley: Images Press, 1975).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sant Kirpal Singh Ji Maharaj — Kirpal Singh 1974 Param Sant Kirpal Singh ( * 6. Februar 1894 in Sayyad Kasran, Punjab, Indien; † 21. August 1974) gilt als bedeutender spiritueller Meister des Sant Mat. Er war Schüler von Baba Sawan Singh. Kirpal Singh war langjähriger… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sant Rajinder Singh Ji Maharaj — Sant Rajinder Singh Surnom Maharaj Ji Naissance 20 septembre 1946 Inde Nationalité Indien Pays de résidence États Unis et Inde Diplôme Master Degree d’ingénieur de l’Institut de Technologie d’Illinois …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hazur Baba Sawan Singh Ji Maharaj — In diesem Artikel oder Abschnitt fehlen folgende wichtige Informationen: Literatur Du kannst Wikipedia helfen, indem du sie recherchierst und einfügst. Hazur Baba Sawan Singh Ji Maharaj (* 1858; † …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sawan Singh Ji Maharaj — In diesem Artikel oder Abschnitt fehlen folgende wichtige Informationen: Literatur Du kannst Wikipedia helfen, indem du sie recherchierst und einfügst. Hazur Baba Sawan Singh Ji Maharaj (* 1858; † …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sant Rajinder Singh Ji Maharaj — Sant Rajinder Singh Ji Maharaj, current head of Science of Spirituality/Sawan Kirpal Ruhani Mission, is internationally recognized for his work towards inner and outer peace. Born in India and educated as a scientist in the United States, he has… …   Wikipedia

  • Kirpal Singh — Sant Kirpal Singh (6 February, 1894 ndash;21 August, 1974) was a spiritual teacher ( Sant ) who was born in India in the village of Sayyad Kasran, in the western part of the Punjab which now belongs to Pakistan. Further biographical information… …   Wikipedia

  • Maya Singh Saini — Historical painting of a Sikh Ghorcharra or cavalryman. Maya Singh Saini participated as a Ghorcharra in the Anglo Sikh wars. After the defeat of Sikhs he became an insurgent against the English occupation. He was finally arrested and… …   Wikipedia

  • Sawan Kirpal Ruhani Mission — Science of Spirituality is dedicated to spirituality, peace, and service to humanity. It was founded by Sant Darshan Singh Ji Maharaj (1921 1989) and is now guided by its spiritual head, Sant Rajinder Singh Ji Maharaj. It continues to carry on… …   Wikipedia

  • Baba Sawan Singh — (1858 1948), also known as The Great Master, was an Indian Saint. He was the second Satguru of Radha Soami Satsang Beas (RSSB) from the death of Baba Jaimal Singh in 1903 until his death on April 2, 1948. ref|Origin Sardar Bahadur Jagat Singh… …   Wikipedia

  • Sant Ajaib Singh — Ajaib Singh Ji Maharaj (1926 1997), known to his disciples as Sant Ji , was born September 11, 1926 in Maina, District Bhatinda, Punjab, India. Sant Ajaib Singh was considered a Perfect Master of Surat Shabd Yoga. His Master was Sant Kirpal Singh …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”