Anekantavada
   One of the underlying philosophical ideas in JAIN-ISM is Anekantavada, “the assertation that every-thing is many-sided.” This historical Jain concept, which for centuries remained largely at the level of theory rather than practice, has received more focused attention from many modern Jains, espe-cially those in the diaspora. One must take a position of Anekantavada when one realizes that no ordinary human can have a full view of any-thing—as only the Omniscient SIDDHA or TIRTHAN-KARA can. It logically follows that all views are partial and subject to many-sided analysis.
   Further reading: Paul Dundas, The Jains (London: Routledge, 1992); P. S. Jaini, The Jaina Path of Purifica-tion (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979); Bimal K. Matilal, The Central Philosophy of Jainism (anekantavada) (Ahmedabad: L. D. Institute of Indol-ogy, 1981); Satkar Mookerji, The Jaina Philosophy of Non-Absolutism, a Critical Study of Anekantavada (Cal-cutta: Bharati Mahvidyalaya, 1944).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

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