smriti
   Smriti (from smri, to remember) is a term in the Hindu tradition used to refer to revered tex-tual sources that were composed by humans, as opposed to those that are eternal and appeared through revelation (SHRUTI).
   These texts were composed by men but usu-ally memorized rather than committed to writ-ing. They were considered authoritative, but less so than the shruti, or “heard,” texts such as the VEDAS, which had been received by RISHIS (seers) during divine trances.
   Because of the diverse nature of Hindu tradition there have been disagreements between sects as to what texts can be considered smriti. Some hold, for instance, that the BHAGAVAD GITA is shruti, divinely received, whereas others hold that it is smriti.
   Further reading: A. L. Basham, The Wonder That Was India (Calcutta: Rupa, 1997); Ram Kishore Gupta, Political Thought in the Smrti Literature (Allahabad: University of Allahabad, 1968); Klaus K. Klostermaier, A Survey of Hinduism (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1989); L. Sternback, Hindu Legends of Jus-tice: Pancatantra and Smrti (Delhi: Global Vision Pub-lishing House, 2002).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

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  • Smriti — (du sanskrit : « mémoire », « se souvenir ») ou smṛti (devanāgarī: स्मृति)[1] est le nom donné à un ensemble de textes appartenant à la tradition la plus ancienne de l hindouisme mais dont l autorité est considérablement… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Smriti — (Sanskrit स्मृति, that which is remembered ) refers to a specific body of Hindu religious scripture. Smriti also denotes non Shruti texts generally, seen as secondary in authority to Shruti . The literature which comprises the Smriti was composed …   Wikipedia

  • smriti — ● smriti nom féminin (mot sanskrit signifiant recollection) Littérature sacrée hindoue fondée sur la mémoire humaine, par opposition à la littérature védique « révélée » (shruti) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Smriti — Schriften des Hinduismus Shruti Veda Rigveda Samaveda Yajurveda Atharvaveda jeweils mit den Abteilungen: Samhitas Brahmanas Aranyakas U …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Smriti — La muerte de Bhishma, historia contada en el texto épico Majabhárat, considerado uno de los textos smriti. El hinduismo acepta como textos sagrados la literatura védica (shastras), que abarca gran cantidad de antiguos textos sánscritos, que… …   Wikipedia Español

  • smriti — Clase de literatura sagrada hindú basada en la memoria humana, en contraste con los Vedas, que se consideran revelaciones divinas. Smriti sirve para elaborar, interpretar y codificar la literatura védica. Se la considera menos fidedigna que la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Smriti — /smrit ee/, n. Hinduism. writings containing traditions concerning law, rituals, teachings of the sages, the epics, and the Puranas. [ < Skt smrti] * * * …   Universalium

  • Smriti — noun a) A specific body of Hindu religious scripture. b) used in India …   Wiktionary

  • Smriti — Smrịti   [Sanskrit »Erinnerung«] die, , heilige Texte, die im Gegensatz zu der unmittelbar den urzeitlichen Sehern (Rishi) offenbarten Shruti den Indern durch menschliche Erinnerung überliefert gelten. Zu ihnen werden die Sutras, die… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • SMRITI —    in the Hindu religion the name given to traditional usage, as opposed to Sruti, or revelation, and from which proceeded, at a later date, the body of laws, such as that of Manu, in which the morality prescribed is, sound, solid, and practical …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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