- states of consciousness
- There are four states of consciousness outlined in the MANDUKYA UPANISHAD, one of the classi-cal Vedic UPANISHADS often cited in VEDANTA and other Indian traditions. The four states are jag-arita (jagrat), the waking state; svapna, the dream-ing state; sushupti, the deep sleep state; and turiya, the transcendent state beyond conventional con-sciousness, in which one realizes the BRAHMAN or ultimate reality. Some early Upanishads conflate the last two states.Further reading: Swami Krishnananda, The Mandukya Upanishad: An Exposition (Shivanandanagar: Divine Life Society, 1977); Swami Nikhilananda, trans., Self-Knowl-edge (Atmabodha): An English Translation of Sankaracha-rya’s Atmabodha (New York: Ramakrishna-Vivekananda Center, 1946); S. Radhakrishnan, The Principal Upanisads (Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press, 1992).
Encyclopedia of Hinduism. A. Jones and James D. Ryan. 2007.
Look at other dictionaries:
Altered States of Consciousness — (ASC) Shamans are sometimes distinguished from other religious or cultural leaders by their ability to deliberately enter distinctive states of consciousness. While these states are sometimes labeled “trance” (dissociation from “ordinary… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
Consciousness — • In its widest sense it includes all sensations, thoughts, feelings, and volitions, in fact the sum total of mental life Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Consciousness Consciousness … Catholic encyclopedia
Consciousness-based healthcare — (CBH), an emerging field of complementary and alternative medicine, is the application of consciousness based interventions to achieve tangible, beneficial outcomes across a wide range of health concerns including physical and emotional issues.… … Wikipedia
Consciousness — Representation of consciousness from the seventeenth century. Consciousness is a term that refers to the relati … Wikipedia
consciousness — /kon sheuhs nis/, n. 1. the state of being conscious; awareness of one s own existence, sensations, thoughts, surroundings, etc. 2. the thoughts and feelings, collectively, of an individual or of an aggregate of people: the moral consciousness of … Universalium
consciousness — The state of being aware, or perceiving physical facts or mental concepts; a state of general wakefulness and responsiveness to environment; a functioning sensorium. [L. con scio, to know, to be aware of] clouding of c. a state in which the… … Medical dictionary
Consciousness raising — (often abbreviated c.r. or CR) is a form of political activism, pioneered by United States feminists in the late 1960s. It often takes the form of a group of people attempting to focus the attention of a wider group of people on some cause or… … Wikipedia
Consciousness Explained — Author(s) Daniel C. Dennett … Wikipedia
consciousness — noun 1 being able to see/hear/feel things ADJECTIVE ▪ full ▪ higher ▪ to aspire to a higher consciousness ▪ cosmic, divine ▪ … Collocations dictionary
Consciousness-only — In Buddhism, consciousness only or mind only (Sanskrit: vijñapti mātratā , vijñapti mātra , citta mātra ; Chinese: 唯識; Pinyin: wéi shí ; Japanese: yuishiki ) is a theory according to which unenlightened conscious experience is nothing but false… … Wikipedia