anumana
   In Indian philosophies anumana or inference is almost universally recognized as one of the valid means for gaining knowledge. Buddhism and VAISHESHIKA accepted only two valid means—anu-mana and direct perception (PRATYAKSHA). The SAMKHYA school recognized direct perception, inference, and verbal testimony (shabda). NYAYA added a fourth: analogy (upamana). In JAINISM, anumana is admitted as valid under the wider category of “non perceptual” knowledge, which includes other elements such as memory. Only the CHARVAKAs or materialist philosophers denied the validity of anumana, thinking truth could be gained only by direct perception.
   Further reading: S. N. Dasgupta, A History of Indian Phi-losophy, 5 vols. (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1975); Karl Potter, Presuppositions of India’s Philosophies (Engle-wood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1963).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anumāna — ((devanāgarī : अनुमान) est un terme sanskrit qui signifie « formation de concept », « inférence » ou « conclusion »[1]. Ce vocable fait aussi partie de la terminologie liée à la philosophie indienne et a alors… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • anumāna — ▪ Hinduism       (Sanskrit: “measuring along some other thing,” or “inference”), in Indian philosophy, the second of the five means of knowledge ( pramāṇa) that enable man to have accurate cognitions. inference occupies a central place in the… …   Universalium

  • Anumana Bay View — (Джимбаран,Индонезия) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: Jalan Pondok Mekar …   Каталог отелей

  • nir-anumāna — निरनुमान …   Indonesian dictionary

  • praty-anumāna — प्रत्यनुमान …   Indonesian dictionary

  • Buddhist logic — This article presents the formal background to Buddhist logic which started at about 500 CE in ancient India and still has a living tradition in the Tibetan Gelug order. Like the logic of Aristotle, ancient Indian logic is a highly formal system… …   Wikipedia

  • Pramana — Pramāṇa[1] (devanāgarī: प्रमाण) (moyen de connaissance valide) est un terme de philosophie hindoue ou bouddhique qui correspond dans la philosophie occidentale à l épistémologie. Le pramāņa forme un membre d un tripode (tripuţi) orbitant autour… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nyaya — Part of a series on Hindu philosophy …   Wikipedia

  • Vishishtadvaita — Vedanta (IAST IAST|Viśishṭādvaita Vedanta ;Sanskrit: विशिष्टाद्वैत)) is a sub school of the Vedānta (literally, end or the goal of Knowledge , Sanskrit) school of Hindu philosophy, the other major sub schools of Vedānta being Advaita and Dvaita …   Wikipedia

  • Pramana — (IAST IAST|Pramāņa ) ( sources of knowledge , Sanskrit) is an epistemological term in Hindu [ [http://www.dvaita.org/shaastra/prameya.html#section 2 The Nine Tenets of Vedanta] ] [ [http://www.hindupedia.com/en/Pramana Pramana] at Hindupedia, the …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”