Tirumular
(c. sixth century)
   Tamil Shaivite saint
   Tirumular has a unique position in the Tamil literature. He is one of the 63 orthodox Shaivite (see SHAIVISM) saints of the Tamil pantheon, while also considered the first of the mysterious Sittars (SIDDHAS in Sanskrit), the antinomian, antiortho-dox YOGIS of that tradition. Tirumular is so called because he entered his mula (body) by the grace of Tiru (the sacred one), the designation of SHIVA’s bull NANDI. He says in one of his verses, “God cre-ated me, so that I might recreate Him in Tamil.” Tirumular is known for his sixth-century poem Tirumanthiram, which forms the 10th book of the Tamil Shaivite canon, the TIRUMURAI.
   Further reading: B. Natarajan, trans., Tirumantiram, a Tamil Scriptural Classic by Tirumular (Madras: Sri Ramakrishna Math, 1994); Kamil V. Zvelebil, Tamil Literature (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1975).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

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