vishuddha chakra
   The vishuddha chakra is the fifth CHAKRA (energy center) from the base of the spine in the KUNDALINI YOGA system. It is located on the spine at the throat area. At this chakra worldly emotions are transcended and higher spiritual qualities begin to emerge, particularly higher spiritual insight (JNANA). Accordingly, its element is the refined element ether (see ELEMENTS, FIVE). Its deity is Panchavaktra Shiva or five-faced SHIVA. Its SHAKTI or energy is shakini, the embodiment of purity. It has 16 bluish gray petals.
   Further reading: Harish Johari, Chakras: Energy Centers of Transformation (Rochester, Vt.: Destiny Books, 2000); John G. Woodroffe, The Serpent Power, 7th ed. (Madras: Ganesh, 1964).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

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