arhat
   In the Jain tradition (see JAINISM), an arhat (one worthy of worship) is an omniscient being who teaches in the world. As Jains do not believe in living liberated beings (jivanmukta), the arhat while living is not released from the cycle of birth and rebirth, but will be upon his/her death. A person becomes an arhat when he or she has destroyed nearly all KARMAs except those that hold him or her in bodily existence. Technically, one becomes an arhat at the 12th gunasthana (progression level) out of the 14 that take one to posthumous NIRVANA. All the TIRTHANKARAs in the Jain pantheon are referred to in their texts as arhats.
   The term arhat is also used in the Buddhist context, where it refers to someone who has attained nirvana—who has attained enlighten-ment and will be released from the cycle of birth and rebirth upon death. In the Buddhist tradition also one can be referred to as an arhat before one is dead.
   Further reading: M. A. Dhaky, ed., Arhat Parsva and Dharanendra Nexus (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1997); P. S. Jaini, Jaina Path of Purification (Berkeley: Univer-sity of California Press, 1979); K. C. Lalwani, Kalpa Sutra (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1979); Kristi Wiley, Historical Dictionary of Jainism (Lanham, Md.: Scare-crow Press, 2004).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

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  • ARHAT — ou ARHANT Le terme arhat ou arhant (de la racine arh , mériter), que l’on peut traduire par «saint», désigne dans le bouddhisme ancien le stade le plus élevé dans la progression religieuse pour les adeptes du Petit Véhicule, stade qui fait suite… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Arhat — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Un jardín con varias estatuillas de arhats (Templo Hsi Lai, California) En el budismo, arhat o arahant es alguien que ha ganado el entendimiento profundo sobre la verdadera naturaleza de la existencia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Arhat — n. 1. 1 a Buddhist who has attained nirvana. Syn: Arhant, lohan. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Arhat — [ arat] der; [s], s <zu sanskr. árhat »würdig«> der vollkommen Erlöste im ↑Dschainismus u. ↑Buddhismus, der nach seinem Tod ins ↑Nirwana eingeht …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • arhat — àrhat m DEFINICIJA rel. u budizmu i džainizmu, redovnik koji je postigao četvrti stupanj savršenstva …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • arhat — [är′hət] n. Buddhism one who has attained nirvana and, thus, is no longer subject to the cycle of rebirth …   English World dictionary

  • Arhat — Holzplastik eines Arhat (18. Jahrhundert, Hōon ji Tempel, Morioka, Japan) Arhat ist ein religiöser Titel für einen vollendeten buddhistischen Heiligen, der vollständig Gier, Hass und Verblendung abgelegt hat und der die 10 Fesseln… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arhat — Quatre êtres nobles Les quatre êtres nobles (sanskrit : āryapudgala) sont des pratiquants ayant tous atteint un point élevé dans la pratique du bouddhisme. Cette distinction, qui est propre au bouddhisme originel et au theravada, pose deux… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arhat — Arhatship, n. /ahrdd heuht/, n. a Buddhist who has attained Nirvana through rigorous discipline and ascetic practices. Cf. Bodhisattva. Also, Arhant /ahr heuhnt/. [1865 70; < Skt: meriting respect, deriv. of arhati (he) merits] * * * or arahant… …   Universalium

  • Arhat — In the sramanic traditions of ancient India (most notably those of Mahavira and Gautama Buddha) arhat (Sanskrit) or arahant (Pali) signified a spiritual practitioner who had to use an expression common in the tipitaka laid down the burden and… …   Wikipedia

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