In the SAMKHYA YOGA tradition, which originated around the fifth century B.C.E., the gunas were the strands or fabric of nature or PRAKRITI; they eter-nally evolved into new universes, which would be destroyed only to reemerge. Prakriti itself was seen to be eternal.
   There are three gunas: sattva, rajas, and tamas. Sattva is that aspect of nature that is lucid, white, and placid. Rajas is that part of nature that is mud-died, reddish, and agitated. Tamas is that part of nature that is impure, dark, and inert. Everything in worldly reality is made of the three gunas in lesser or greater proportions. Sattva predominates in discriminative intellect (BUDDHI), while tamas predominates in earth.
   Samkhya yogic practice seeks to realize the self that is beyond and untouched by the three gunas of worldly existence. Samkhya became the philosophical basis for later yoga practice that focused on breath control and postures.
   Further reading: S. N. Dasgupta, The History of Indian Philosophy. Vol. 1 (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidas, 1975); Gerald Larson and Ram Shankar Bhattacharya, eds., Samkhya: A Dualist Tradition in Indian Philosophy (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1987); Ian Whicher, Patañjali’s Metaphysical Schematic: Purusa and Prakrti in the Yogasutra (Adyar: Adyar Library and Research Centre, 2001).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

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  • Guna — (Sanskrit, m., गुण, guṇa, urspr.: Schnur, Faden; später: Eigenschaft, Qualität) nennt man nach dem philosophischen Konzept der indischen Samkhya Philosophie jene Kräfte, aus denen die Urmaterie, Prakriti, zusammengesetzt ist. Diese Lehre wurde… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guna — Gu na (g[=oo] n[.a]), n. [Skr. guna quality.] In Sanskrit grammar, a lengthening of the simple vowels a, i, e, by prefixing an a element. The term is sometimes used to denote the same vowel change in other languages. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • guna — s. f. 1.  [Botânica] Planta trepadeira da ilha de São Tomé. • s. m. 2. Termo de gramática sanscrítica: o guna consiste na adição de um a breve à vogal radical …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Guṇa — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Según el hinduismo, las gunas son las tres cualidades de las que está compuesto el universo: sattva (bondad contemplativa), rayas (pasión activa) y tamas (ignorancia inerte). Cada una no puede existir sin las otras.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Guna — (von sanskr., d.i. Tugend), in dem indisch germanischen Sprachstammevorkommende Vocalsteigerung, welche darin besteht, daß vor Vocale ein kurzes a tritt, welches mit jenem nach bestimmten euphonischen Gesetzen zu einem Diphthong verschmilzt, so… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Guna — Guna, in der indischen Nationalgrammatik eine Art Vokalsteigerung, durch die in gewissen Formen i zu ē, u zu ō und vokalisches r zu ar wird …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • GUNA — Abreviatura de gingivitis ulcerativa necrosante aguda. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • Guna — 24° 38′ 35″ N 77° 18′ 11″ E / 24.64296, 77.30307 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guna — The Sanskrit word IAST|guṇa has the basic meaning of string or a single thread or strand of a cord or twine . In more abstract uses, it may mean a subdivision, species, kind , and generally quality .In Samkhya philosophy there are three… …   Wikipedia

  • guna — /goon euh/, n. (in Sankhya and Vedantic philosophy) one of the three qualities of prakriti, or nature, which are passion (rajas), dullness or inertia (tamas), and goodness or purity (sattva). [1860 65; < Skt guna thread, quality] * * * ▪ India… …   Universalium

  • Guna — Original name in latin Guna Name in other language GUX, Guna State code IN Continent/City Asia/Kolkata longitude 24.64761 latitude 77.31191 altitude 475 Population 153689 Date 2012 09 06 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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