The 100 Kauravas (descendants of KURU) are the chief villains in the great Indian epic the MAHAB-HARATA. They also descend from the ancient king Bharata. These sons of the blind king Dhritarashtra, led by Duryodhana, the eldest, conspire to steal the throne of the land from its rightful heirs, their cousins the PANDAVAS. Kaurava is only a convenient designation, as the Pandavas are also descendents of King Kuru via Pandu, Dhritarashtra’s brother.
   The story tells that Dhritarashtra’s wife, Gand-hari, receives a boon that she will bear 100 sons. She is pregnant for two years, when she hears that Kunti, wife of Pandu, has given birth. She then aborts herself, yielding a hard ball of flesh. The ball is sprinkled with water and severed into 101 parts, which are incubated and put into sepa-rate pots. From these come forth the 100 sons of Gandhari and Dhritarasthra, plus one daughter named Duhshala. (Dhritarashtra also incidentally has one bastard son, Yuyutsu.)
   After his older brother Pandu dies, Dhri-tarashtra becomes regent and his sons (always called “the 100” although in actuality 101), led by Duryodhana, begin plotting to destroy their cousins, the five Pandavas. The story of the epic revolves around the struggle for the kingdom between these sets of brothers, culminating in the “Mahabharata” war, in which the Pandavas are triumphant, but with frightening losses.
   Further reading: Peter Brook, director, The Mahab-harata (videorecording), produced by Michael Prop-per (Chatsworth, Calif.: Image Entertainment, 2002); William Buck, trans., The Mahabharata (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973); J. A. B. van Buitenen, trans., The Mahabharata, 3 vols. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press); P. C. Roy, trans., The Mahabharata, 12 vols. (Bombay: Bharata Karyalaya, 1888–1896).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kauravas — /kow reuh vahz /, n. (used with a pl. v.) (in the Mahabharata) the cousins and enemies of the Pandavas. Also, Kurus. * * * …   Universalium

  • Kauravas — Kau•ra•vas [[t]ˈkaʊ rəˌvɑz[/t]] n. pl. ear (in the Mahabharata) the cousins and enemies of the Pandavas …   From formal English to slang

  • Kauravas — /kow reuh vahz /, n. (used with a pl. v.) (in the Mahabharata) the cousins and enemies of the Pandavas. Also, Kurus …   Useful english dictionary

  • Kurukshetra War — (Details given are according to the epic Mahabharata) The position of the Kuru kingdom in Iron Age Vedic India …   Wikipedia

  • Glossary of Hinduism terms — An article related to Hinduism …   Wikipedia

  • Kurukshetra War and the Kambojas — Among the Kshatriya tribes who had participated in the Kurukshetra war, the Kambojas occupy a very prominent place. They were the allies of Duryodhana and by their bravery, and especially the prowess of their king Sudakshina, they had rendered… …   Wikipedia

  • Glossary of terms in Hinduism — The following is a glossary of terms and concepts in Hinduism. The list consists of concepts that are derived from both Hinduism and Hindu tradition, which are expressed as words in Sanskrit as well as other languages of India. The main purpose… …   Wikipedia

  • Mahabharat (TV series) — For the 2008 TV series produced by Balaji Telefilms, see Kahaani Hamaaray Mahaabhaarat Ki. For the 2008 TV series produced by Bobby Bedi, see Mahabharat (2008 TV series). Mahabharat Mahabharat tv series.jpg Genre Indian History Created by Baldev… …   Wikipedia

  • Drona — This article is about Dronacharya. For other uses, see Drona (disambiguation). In the epic Mahābhārata, Drona (Sanskrit: द्रोण, droṇa) or Dronacharya (Sanskrit: द्रोणाचार्य, droṇāchārya) was the royal guru to Kauravas and Pandavas. He was a… …   Wikipedia

  • Matsya Kingdom — The position of the Matsya kingdom in Iron Age Vedic India. Matsya or Machcha (Sanskrit for fish), classically called the Mese (pronounced /ˈmiːziː/), was the name of a tribe and the state of the Vedic civilization of India. It lay to south of… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.