3 Ajanta


   At Ajanta in the Aurangabad District of Maha-rashtra are some of the most famous ancient caves of India. Here are preserved some of India’s most beautiful ancient painting and sculpturing. The caves date from the second century B.C.E. to seventh century C.E. There are 29 caves at Ajanta, which are carved into solid stone halfway up a large hill that curves gently away, to the left of the visitor. In the middle of the steep incline is a walk-way, which appears made on a natural cliff.
   All of the caves at Ajanta were done by the Buddhists. Some were clearly used as monastic dwellings, and others were chaityas or shrine rooms. Some of the caves have beautiful frescoes depicting scenes from the Buddhist Jatakas (tales of the life of the BUDDHA). The frescoes of Ajanta show a development of nearly 1,000 years of fresco art. Other caves have impressive figures of the Buddha in high relief.
   Further reading: Benoy K. Behl, The Ajanta Caves: Ancient Paintings of Buddhist India (New York: Thames & Hudson, 2004); Guide to the Ajanta Paintings (New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, 1999–2003); Swati Mitra, ed., From Ajanta to Ellora: Travel Guide (New Delhi: Eicher Goodearth Ltd., 2005); Lachu Moorjani, Ajanta: Regional Feasts of India (Layton, Utah: Gibbs Smith, Publisher, 2005); Walter Spink, Ajanta to Ellora (Bombay: Marg Publications, 1967).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • AJANTA — Au centre de la chaîne des monts Indhyadri ou Aja ユレ (État du Maharashtra, district d’Aurangabad), le monastère d’Aja ユレ se compose d’une trentaine de cavernes creusées dans la roche volcanique d’un cirque au fond duquel coule un torrent. Comme… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ajanta — Ajanta, ind. Dorf, s. Adschanta …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ajanta — Ajanta, brit. ostind. Ort, s. Adschanta …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ajantā — Grutas de Ajantā¹ Patrimonio de la Humanidad Unesco Vista general del lugar. Coordenadas …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ajanta — Das Ajinṭhā Tal, Aurangabad Distrikt, im Überblick Höhle 1 (ca. 40 Meter lang), Vihara …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ajantâ — Grottes d Ajanta * Patrimoine mondial de l UNESC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ajanta — geographical name village W central India in N central Maharashtra in Ajanta Range NNE of Aurangabad; site of Ajanta Caves (temples excavated out of rock cliffs) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Ajanta — /euh jun teuh/, n. a village in N Maharashtra, in W central India: caves and shrines containing Buddhist frescoes and sculptures. * * * …   Universalium

  • Ajanta — Ajạnta   [ dʒ ], Adschạnta, buddhistische Höhlenanlage im nördlichen Dekhan, Indien, aus dem 1. Jahrhundert v. Chr. und dem 5. 7. Jahrhundert n. Chr. Die 30 Höhlentempel und klöster (UNESCO Weltkulturerbe) liegen im Halbkreis am Abhang eines… …   Universal-Lexikon

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