Nirvana is the term used to refer to the state of liberation from the cycle of birth and rebirth, from worldly existence. The term probably originated within Buddhism. It literally means a “blowing out”—of the fires of worldly existence. In the early Buddhist context this implied the recogni-tion that nothing is permanent and that there is no permanent self, but only a shifting combina-tion of aspects that constitute themselves so as to make us believe in a permanent “self” or soul. nirvana 313 J
   Early Buddhists tried not to describe this state elaborately as it is beyond human conception.
   The Jain tradition also adopted the word to refer to the blissful, powerful, superconscious state of liberation from birth and rebirth. In the Brahminical tradition it came to mean union with the ultimate reality. This implies a realization of the infinite being, consciousness, and bliss of the godhead.
   Further reading: George S. Arundale, Nirvana: A Study in Synthetic Consciousness (Adyar: Theosophical Pub-lishing House, 1978); Muni Shivkumar, The Doctrine of Liberation in Indian Religion: With Special Reference to Jainism (New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, 1984); Heinrich Zimmer, Philosophies of India (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1974).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

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  • nirvana — [ nirvana ] n. m. • 1844; mot sanskr. « extinction » ♦ Relig. Dans le bouddhisme, Extinction du karma, du désir humain, entraînant la fin du cycle des naissances et des morts. Le nirvana, état de sérénité suprême. ● nirvana nom masculin (mot… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nirvâna — Nirvāna Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nirvana. Religions Védisme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nirvana — bezeichnet: Nirwana, ein buddhistisches Konzept Nirvana (Gattung), eine Gattung aus der Familie der Zwergzikaden Mount Nirvana, inoffizielle Name des höchsten Bergs der kanadischen Nordwest Territorien Kultur: Nirvana (Band), eine US… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • nirvana — NIRVÁNA s.f. art. (În religia budistă, în filozofia indiană etc.) Stare de fericire realizată prin eliberarea de grijile vieţii, de suferinţe şi prin contopirea sufletului individual cu esenţa divină, cu ajutorul contemplaţiei şi al ascezei. –… …   Dicționar Român

  • Nirvana — puede referirse a las siguientes acepciones: Nirvana (espiritualidad): palabra sánscrita, utilizada en Oriente para referirse al momento de extinción de los deseos materiales. Cicadellidae. Augusto D Halmar. Principio de nirvana, concepto… …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Nirvâna — (»das Erlöschen«), bei den Buddhisten (und überhaupt in allen auf philosophische Spekulation gegründeten Religionssystemen der Inder) das höchste Ziel des menschlichen Strebens, das nur durch Erlangung der höchsten Erkenntnis und die Loslösung… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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