- (c. 700 B.C.E.)The Purvas are 14 Prakrit (a language derived from SANSKRIT) language works that are understood to be the original texts of the Jain canon; they are no longer extant. BHADRABAHU (c. 300 B.C.E.) is said to be the last Jain teacher to know all 14 of these texts by heart. Brief descriptions of the Purvas appear in later literature. They must have included cosmol-ogy, speculations on the karmic substance that holds a soul in transmigration, polemics, astrology, astronomy, and disquisitions on esoteric powers and YOGAs. The Purvas were transmitted orally and preached by MAHAVIRA, the last TIRTHANKARA (saint) of our half-era.Further reading: Padmanabh S. Jaini, The Jain Path of Purification (Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1990).
Encyclopedia of Hinduism. A. Jones and James D. Ryan. 2007.
Look at other dictionaries:
Purvas — The Fourteen Purvas, translated as ancient or prior knowledge, are a large body of scriptures that was preached by all Tirthankaras encompassing the entire gamut of knowledge available in this universe. The persons having the knowledge of purvas… … Wikipedia
purvas — pur̃vas sm. (4) K 1. SD16, R, PK84 šlapia, suminkštėjusi nuo vandens, kimbanti žemė; tokios žemės masė ar gabalas: Purvas jau siekė grimztančio žmogaus pabarzdę ir lūpas J.Dov. Purvaĩ apsurbia kojas, tekinius važiuojant J. Taškos purvaĩ J. Visi … Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language
purvas — pur̃vas dkt. Ant kẽlio daũg pur̃vo … Bendrinės lietuvių kalbos žodyno antraštynas
Acharya Bhadrabahu — (433 B.C. 357 B.C. ?) was a Jain monk. He is more famously known as a spiritual teacher of Chandragupta Maurya and author of several texts related to Jainism, including some of the most important works, Upsarga Stotra and Kalpasutra. Bhadrabahu… … Wikipedia
Jain Agamas — File:Jainmanuscript.jpg Jain Manuscript showing dreams of Mother of Lord Mahavira. Agamas are canonical texts of Jainism based on Mahavira’s teachings. Mahavira’s preaching were orally compiled by his disciples into various Sutras (texts) which… … Wikipedia
Drstivada — Jainism This article is part of a series on Jainism Prayers and Vows … Wikipedia
Jainism — /juy niz euhm/, n. a dualistic religion founded in the 6th century B.C. as a revolt against current Hinduism and emphasizing the perfectibility of human nature and liberation of the soul, esp. through asceticism and nonviolence toward all living… … Universalium
Digambara — Digambara is one of the two main divisions of the Jain tradition (see JAINISM). It literally means “those wearing the sky as a garment,” a refer ence to the complete nudity of the monks of this branch. The Digambara Jains, who are relatively… … Encyclopedia of Hinduism
Pervew — Recorded in a wide range of spellings including: Pourvoieur, Pourvoyeur (French), Pourveer (Breton), Perver, Pervoe, Perview, Pervew, Pervou, Purver, Purves, Purviss, and Purvey (English and Scottish), this is a surname of French origins.… … Surnames reference
Perview — Recorded in a wide range of spellings including: Pourvoieur, Pourvoyeur (French), Pourveer (Breton), Perver, Pervoe, Perview, Pervew, Pervou, Purver, Purves, Purviss, and Purvey (English and Scottish), this is a surname of French origins.… … Surnames reference