- Ramana Maharshi
- (1879–1950)advaita Vedanta teacher and mysticRamana Maharshi was a GURU of international renown from southern India who taught the non-dual philosophy of ADVAITA VEDANTA.Ramana was born on December 30, 1879, as Venkataraman Ayyar at Tiruchuli near Madurai Ramana Maharshi (1879–1950), widely recognized teacher, mystic, and foremost exemplar of advaita (non-dual) consciousness (Courtesy Sri Ramanashramam, Tiruvan-namalai, Tamil Nadu) in the state of Tamil Nadu. He was the son of Shundaram Ayyar, a scribe and country lawyer. The family was religious, giving ritual offerings to the family deity and visiting temples. As a child, Ramana was largely uninterested in school; throughout his life he showed a marked inclina-tion toward introspection and self-analysis.In 1896, at age 17 he entered an altered state of consciousness that had a profound effect on him. He experienced what he understood to be his own death and return to life. Without any training by a teacher or any personal discipline, he attained a profound experience of the true Self and real-ized that the body dies but consciousness is not touched by death. He saw the real “I” as immortal consciousness, as a powerful living truth experi-enced directly. Thereafter, all attention was drawn to this “I” or Self and he remained conscious of his identity with the absolute at all times. All fear of death was permanently extinguished.Ramana ran away from home to the holy mountain Arunachala near Tiruvannamalai. He spent 10 years in silent Self-absorption at the temple there, at the foot of the mountain, and in various caves on the mountain. Throughout these years he remained silent and maintained disciplines of spiritual purification and nonattach-ment. Against the pleas of his family, he refused to return home. His absorption in higher conscious-ness was so deep that he neglected care of his body and was at times famished and chewed by insects. Disciples began to gather around him to take care of his physical needs and to gain aware-ness of his non-dual state of consciousness. His disciples gave him sacred books, and he became conversant with the religious traditions of South India.When Ramana broke his silence, he responded to questions about Self-consciousness. His teach-ing was given largely through conversations with guests who visited him on the mountain, where his ASHRAM began to develop. His advice to those who sought SELF-REALIZATION was to direct them to the question “Who am I?”—a self-inquiry that he insisted be used tirelessly as each student discov-ered deeper and deeper levels of awareness. The aim of this inquiry was for each person to find an awareness of non-duality, in which the oneness of the Self and cosmos could be perceived. He taught that a person who is not attached to the results of action can live in the world as an actor who plays a role in a drama but is immune to emotional dis-turbance, because the person realizes that action is only play acting on the stage of life.Ramana remained at Arunachala for the dura-tion of his life, welcoming visitors from East and West, while becoming a living example of non-dual consciousness. He died there of cancer on April 14, 1950, sitting in a lotus position.The Ramanashramam exists today as a sanctu-ary that houses Ramana’s grave, his cave residence, and accommodation for many visitors.Further reading: Paul Brunton, A Search in Secret India (Bombay: B. I., 1934); David Godman, Be As You Are: The Teachings of Sri Ramana Maharshi (New York: Pen-guin, 1989); Arthur Osbourne, Ramana Maharshi and the Path of Self-Knowledge (New York: S. Weiser, 1970); Arthur Osbourne, ed., The Collected Works of Ramana Maharshi (New York: Samuel Weiser, 1970); Talks with Sri Ramana Maharshi (Turuvannamalai: Sri Ramanash-ramam, 1984).
Encyclopedia of Hinduism. A. Jones and James D. Ryan. 2007.
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Ramana Maharshi — (Tamil: ரமண மஹரிஷி; Sanskrit: रामण महर्षि Maharshi bedeutet „Großer Weiser“ von maha = groß, rishi = Weiser, Geburtsname Venkataraman ) (* 30. Dezember 1879 in Tiruchuli im südindischen Tamil Nadu; † 14. April 1950 in Tiruvannamalai, Indien) war… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ramana Maharshi — Sage oriental hindou Époque contemporaine Naissance 30 décembre 1879 Tiruchuzhi Inde … Wikipédia en Français
Ramana Maharshi — (30 de diciembre de 1879 – 14 de abril de 1950) fue un importante religioso hinduista. Ramana Maharshi (fotografía de 1940 aproximadamente). Pertenecía a la doctrina vedanta adwaita (‘no dual’, no hay almas y Dios, sino que las almas son Dios).… … Wikipedia Español
Ramana Maharshi — Infobox Hindu leader name= Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi birth date= 30 December 1879 birth place= Tiruchuzhi birth name= Venkataraman Iyer death date= 14 April 1950 (age 70) death place= Tiruvannamalai philosophy= Advaita Vedanta honors= quote=… … Wikipedia
Ramana Maharshi — orig. Venkataraman Aiyer born Dec. 30, 1879, Madurai, Madras state, India died April 14, 1950, Tiruvannamalai Hindu spiritual leader. Born into a Brahman family, he left his village at age 17 to become a hermit on Mount Arunachala, where Shiva… … Universalium
Ramana Maharshi — Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi (30 de diciembre de 1879 14 de abril de 1950) fue un gran místico hindú de la corriente Advaita Vedanta, considerado por muchos como uno de los más grandes santos del hinduísmo en el siglo XX. Vivió en la colina… … Enciclopedia Universal
Ramana — Maharshi … Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games
Maharshi — Ramana Maharshi (Sanskrit, रामन महर्षि Maharshi bedeutet „Großer Weiser“ von maha = groß, rishi = Weiser, Geburtsname Venkataraman ) (* 30. Dezember 1879 in Tiruchuli im südindischen Tamil Nadu; † 14. April 1950 in Tiruvannamalai, Indien) war ein … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ramana — Maharshi (Sanskrit, रामन महर्षि Maharshi bedeutet „Großer Weiser“ von maha = groß, rishi = Weiser, Geburtsname Venkataraman ) (* 30. Dezember 1879 in Tiruchuli im südindischen Tamil Nadu; † 14. April 1950 in Tiruvannamalai, Indien) war ein… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ramana Maharishi — Ramana Maharshi Ramana Maharshi Naissance: 30 décembre 1879 Tiruchuzhi (Inde) Décès: 14 avril … Wikipédia en Français