The saptamatrika (sapta, seven; matrika, mothers) are a grouping of seven goddesses found in the VEDAS, and possibly cited on seals of the ancient INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION. They are worshipped in both India and Nepal and have their own iconog-raphy. Their names only appear in the post-Vedic period. Six of the seven are considered wives of Hindu gods, as reflected in their names: Brah-mani, Maheshvari, Kaumari, Vaishnavi, Varahi, and Indrani are married, respectively, to BRAHMA, SHIVA, Kumara (KARTTIKEYA), VISHNU, VARAHA, and INDRA. CHAMUNDA, the seventh, is most often seen as a form of DURGA.
   Further reading: Shivaji K. Panikkar, Saptamatrka Worship and Sculptures: An Iconological Interpretation of Conflicts and Resolutions in the Storied Brahmanical Icons (New Delhi: D. K. Printworld, 1997).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Matrikas — This article is about Hindu goddesses called mātṛkās. For other use, see matrka. Matrikas Shiva (leftmost) with the Matrikas: (from left) Brahmani, Maheshvari, Kaumari, Vaishnavi, Varahi, Indrani, Chamunda …   Wikipedia

  • Chamunda — For the village in Nepal, see Chamunda, Nepal. For the skipper butterfly genus, see Chamunda (butterfly). Chamunda A Hoysala sculpture of Chamunda, Halebidu. Goddess of War and epidemics of pestilent diseases, famines, and other disasters …   Wikipedia

  • Siddhesvara Temple — The Siddhesvara Temple (or Siddheshvara Temple) is located in the town of Haveri in Haveri district, Karnataka state, India. It is considered an ornate example of 12th century Western Chalukyan art and is well known for the many loose sculptures… …   Wikipedia

  • Western Ganga Dynasty — Infobox Former Country native name = ಪಶ್ಚಿಮ ಗಂಗ ಸಂಸ್ಥಾನ conventional long name = Western Ganga Dynasty common name = Western Gangas|continent = moved from Category:Asia to South Asia region = South Asia country = India status = Empire status text …   Wikipedia

  • Yogini — A yogini is the female origin of a practicing male yogi : having a steadfast mind cultivated by the disciplined pursuit of transcendence through Yoga. Tantric scholars have written about yoginis as independent, outspoken women with a gracefulness …   Wikipedia

  • Cuddalore Government Museum — The Government Museum, Manjakuppam, Cuddalore, Tamil Nadu, was established in the year 1989. This museum collection represents history, culture, flora and fauna of the district. Natural History specimens include South Indian Timbers, Fibres, Swan …   Wikipedia

  • Culture of Kathmandu — The ancient and refined traditional culture of Kathmandu, for that matter in the whole of Nepal, is an uninterrupted and exceptional meeting of the Hindu and Buddhist ethos practiced by its highly religious people. It has also embraced in its… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.