- Sati is the first wife of SHIVA, later reincarnated as PARVATI or Uma. She is the daughter of the sage DAKSHA, himself the son of BRAHMA. Brahma was concerned that the human universe would not come about if Shiva did not take a wife, so he com-pelled Daksha to produce a daughter, Sati, who was a form of the Great Goddess. He arranged to have her marry Shiva. To seduce Shiva, who was devoted to asceticism and did not want to marry, Sati practiced austerities and won his attention. They were quickly married with Brahma serving as the marriage priest.Daksha was not happy to have Shiva as his son-in-law. He held a great Vedic sacrifice and pointedly did not invite his daughter and son-in-law. When Sati complained to her father, he upbraided her. There are two versions of the suc-ceeding events. In one, she immolated herself in a fire. The later Hindu practice of a widow’s immo-lating herself on her husband’s funeral pyre took on the name of sati (suttee).In the second version, Daksha had been under a curse, that if he were to show disrespect to his daughter, she would die; when he upbraided her she simply fell to the ground dead. Shiva rushed to the site of the sacrifice, killed Daksha, and destroyed the entire ritual sacrifice ground. Both Daksha and the sacrifice were later restored in some versions—but not Sati. Shiva lifted Sati’s body and mournfully began to carry it about India. Since a dead body is considered highly polluting, Lord VISHNU followed Shiva, gradu-ally cutting off pieces of Sati as they went along. Everywhere a piece of her fell, a shrine was estab-lished to the Great Goddess. These are variously said to number 54, 108, or some other number.
Encyclopedia of Hinduism. A. Jones and James D. Ryan. 2007.
Look at other dictionaries:
Satî — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sati. Dans l épopée hindoue du Mahâbhârata, Satî, qui porte aussi le nom de Dakshayani , est l aînée des filles de Prasuti et Daksha. Elle aime Shiva, mais son père, Daksha, qui s est disputé avec le dieu,… … Wikipédia en Français
sati — [ sati ] n. f. et m. inv. • 1875; suttie 1829; mot hindi, fém. de sat « sage », par l angl. ♦ Hist. relig. 1 ♦ N. f. Veuve qui s immolait rituellement sur le bûcher funéraire de son mari, en Inde. Adj. inv. Femme, veuve sati. 2 ♦ N. m. Le rite… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Sati — may refer to: *Mindfulness (Pali). In Buddhism the word ‘Sati’ usually carries the meaning of awareness or skillful attentiveness *An alternative name for Hindu goddess Dakshayani, Shiva s first wife *Sati (practice), the immolation of a widow on … Wikipedia
Sati — [Sanskrit »treue Gattin«], im Hinduismus Bezeichnung für die treue Ehefrau (nach dem Vorbild der Sati, wie Shivas Gattin Parvati auch genannt wird), die ihrem verstorbenen Mann durch Selbstverbrennung folgte, um so im Jenseits mit ihm vereint… … Universal-Lexikon
SATI — is a four letter acronym which can refer to:*Samrat Ashok Technological Institute *Science and Advanced Technology Institute *South African Tourism Institute *South African Translators Instituteee also*Sati … Wikipedia
sati — SÁTI s. f. (la brahmani) nume dat văduvei care era arsă pe rugul funerar alături de corpul soţului defunct. ♢ ritualul însuşi. (< fr. sati) Trimis de raduborza, 13.08.2008. Sursa: MDN … Dicționar Român
Sati — Sàti ž DEFINICIJA 1. mit. žena Rudre u hinduističkoj mitologiji; žrtvovala se zbog svađe između njezina oca i muža 2. hind. običaj po kojem živu ženu spaljuju s umrlim mužem (danas zabranjeno zakonom) ETIMOLOGIJA skr. satī: dobra žena, žena odana … Hrvatski jezični portal
Sati — (ind.), s. Sutti … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Sati — Satī (meist Satti, auch Sutti) hieß in Indien die Frau, die sich beim Tode ihres Mannes mit verbrennen ließ; von den Europäern irrtümlich auf die Witwenverbrennung selbst übertragen, die in Indien sehr alt, von der engl. Regierung aber verboten… … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
SATI' — (Sâtı a) Yükselerek meydana çıkan. * Yükselerek görünen. Nur saçan. Parlak … Yeni Lügat Türkçe Sözlük