yajna


yajna
   Yajna is from the SANSKRIT root yaj, “to honor a god with oblations.” A yajna is a ritual involving oblations in the Vedic tradition. It may be simply an offering of clarified butter into a fire, or it may involve 17 priests in an elaborate 12-day ritual including the building of a large fire altar as in the AGNICHAYANA. The ritual of the yajna always includes a fire, Sanskrit MANTRAS, and some sort of offering. In the larger public rituals a sacrifice of some animal or animals has been common. The word yajna is frequently translated roughly as “sacrifice.”
   Further reading: Jan Gonda, Vedic Literature (Samhitas and Brahmanas): A History of Indian Literature, Vol. 1, no. 1 (Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1975); Thomas Hopkins, The Hindu Religious Tradition (Encino, Calif.: Dickenson, 1971); Frits Staal, AGNI: The Altar of Fire, 2 vols. (Berkeley, Calif.: Asian Humanities Press, 1983).

Encyclopedia of Hinduism. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yajna — In Hinduism, Yajna (Devanagari यज्ञ IAST IAST| ; also anglicized as Yagna, Yagya or Yadnya) is a ritual of sacrifice (Monier Williams gives the meanings worship, prayer, praise; offering, oblation, sacrifice ) derived from the practice of Vedic… …   Wikipedia

  • Yajña — Article principal : Védisme. Un Yajña accomplit par un prêtre dans le Kérala sur un autel de briques édifié selon des proportions très précises Le Yajña (devanāgarī: यज्ञ)[1] ou Yagya, est un terme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • yajña — ▪ Hinduism       (Sanskrit: “sacrifice, offering”), in Hinduism, worship based on rites prescribed in the earliest scriptures of ancient India, the Vedas, in contrast to puja (q.v.), which may include image worship and devotional practices non… …   Universalium

  • yajna — noun /ˈjʌdʒɲə/ A ritual of sacrifice to the Devas …   Wiktionary

  • yajñá — यज्ञ …   Indonesian dictionary

  • yājña — याज्ञ …   Indonesian dictionary

  • yajñá-nī́ — यज्ञनी …   Indonesian dictionary

  • yajñá-sā́dh — यज्ञसाध् …   Indonesian dictionary

  • yajñá-tā — यज्ञता …   Indonesian dictionary

  • yajñâ̱ri — यज्ञारि …   Indonesian dictionary


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